Flashcards in Inca Deck (102)
What were the 4 Andean geographical regions?
Costa, Sierra, Puna, Selva
What do sites like Huaca Prieta and Ancón tell us about coastal subsistence?
They were very dependent on the high concentration of fish and shellfish on the coast. At these sites they found large quantities of shells.
Agriculture in the coastal zone produced cotton and gourds. What were these products used for?
Cotton was used for fishing nets, while gourds were used as containers
Corn was carried to the coast from the highlands by llama caravans and transformed into:
What kinds of ceremonial architecture were constructed on the coast of Peru during the Archaic?
They practiced rituals in circular sunken courts, at men's houses and pyramidal mounds
What crops were grown agriculturally in the highlands?
Cotton, quinoa and potatoes
What were llamas domesticated for?
They were used as beasts of burden
What were alpacas domesticated for?
They provided incredibly soft wool
What was the Quechua name for Guinea Pigs?
What were the two types of wild camelid species?
Guanaco and Vicuña
What kind of deer species existed in the Andes?
Huemal deer (taruka)
What are pachamancas?
Earth ovens used for cooking in the Archaic period
Men's houses at La Galgada were later covered by what?
They were covered with elevated temples that were the focus of large, public rituals integrating the whole community
What surrounded the main temples at the site of Cerro Sechín?
Stone carvings of victorious warriors and mutilated captives.
How did the builders of Cerro Sechín use natural topography to their advantage?
They built on a small natural hill/outcrop
Cerro Sechín eventually became part of a larger chiefdom, Sechín Alto. What kind of ceremonial architecture did this larger chiefdom include?
Platforms, pyramids, and circular sunken courts
What was advantageous about Chavín de Huántar's particular location?
They were located on a route from the coast to the jungle, so llama caravan traffic went through their site
Iconography on stone stelae and pottery at Chavin de Huántar feature what animals?
Jaguars, caymans, serpents, condors, and eagles. Really any animal that was seen as a great fighter
What sumptuary goods were found at Chavín de Huántar?
Gold, silver and copper
How do these items in Peru compare to sumptuary goods in Mexico?
They did not have jade in Peru
What lead to the formation of the Moche state?
Conflict between coastal groups and highland invaders
Where did the Moche state arise?
The Moche Valley
After state formation, where did the Moche expand?
They expanded up the northern coast
What were the names of the two pyramids at the Moche State?
Huacas del Sol and Huacas de la Luna
What were the pyramids at the Moche State made of?
What tells us that organized labor gangs (corvée labor) built the pyramids at the Capital of the Moche State?
Each adobe brick had a distinctive makers mark
Who and what was buried with a Moche ruler at the Royal Tombs of Sipán?
Royal family members, perhaps a ruler's wife and people sacrificed at the ruler's funeral. They were also buried with fine-line ceramics and sumptuary goods
What were ruler's coffins at the Royal Tombs of Sipán made of?
Who was buried at San José de Moro?
The priestesses of Moro