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Anthropological Archaeology 284 > Inca > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inca Deck (102)
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1

What were the 4 Andean geographical regions?

Costa, Sierra, Puna, Selva

2

What do sites like Huaca Prieta and Ancón tell us about coastal subsistence?

They were very dependent on the high concentration of fish and shellfish on the coast. At these sites they found large quantities of shells.

3

Agriculture in the coastal zone produced cotton and gourds. What were these products used for?

Cotton was used for fishing nets, while gourds were used as containers

4

Corn was carried to the coast from the highlands by llama caravans and transformed into:

Chicha

5

What kinds of ceremonial architecture were constructed on the coast of Peru during the Archaic?

They practiced rituals in circular sunken courts, at men's houses and pyramidal mounds

6

What crops were grown agriculturally in the highlands?

Cotton, quinoa and potatoes

7

What were llamas domesticated for?

They were used as beasts of burden

8

What were alpacas domesticated for?

They provided incredibly soft wool

9

What was the Quechua name for Guinea Pigs?

Cuycuy

10

What were the two types of wild camelid species?

Guanaco and Vicuña

11

What kind of deer species existed in the Andes?

Huemal deer (taruka)

12

What are pachamancas?

Earth ovens used for cooking in the Archaic period

13

Men's houses at La Galgada were later covered by what?

They were covered with elevated temples that were the focus of large, public rituals integrating the whole community

14

What surrounded the main temples at the site of Cerro Sechín?

Stone carvings of victorious warriors and mutilated captives.

15

How did the builders of Cerro Sechín use natural topography to their advantage?

They built on a small natural hill/outcrop

16

Cerro Sechín eventually became part of a larger chiefdom, Sechín Alto. What kind of ceremonial architecture did this larger chiefdom include?

Platforms, pyramids, and circular sunken courts

17

What was advantageous about Chavín de Huántar's particular location?

They were located on a route from the coast to the jungle, so llama caravan traffic went through their site

18

Iconography on stone stelae and pottery at Chavin de Huántar feature what animals?

Jaguars, caymans, serpents, condors, and eagles. Really any animal that was seen as a great fighter

19

What sumptuary goods were found at Chavín de Huántar?

Gold, silver and copper

20

How do these items in Peru compare to sumptuary goods in Mexico?

They did not have jade in Peru

21

What lead to the formation of the Moche state?

Conflict between coastal groups and highland invaders

22

Where did the Moche state arise?

The Moche Valley

23

After state formation, where did the Moche expand?

They expanded up the northern coast

24

What were the names of the two pyramids at the Moche State?

Huacas del Sol and Huacas de la Luna

25

What were the pyramids at the Moche State made of?

Adobe bricks

26

What tells us that organized labor gangs (corvée labor) built the pyramids at the Capital of the Moche State?

Each adobe brick had a distinctive makers mark

27

Who and what was buried with a Moche ruler at the Royal Tombs of Sipán?

Royal family members, perhaps a ruler's wife and people sacrificed at the ruler's funeral. They were also buried with fine-line ceramics and sumptuary goods

28

What were ruler's coffins at the Royal Tombs of Sipán made of?

Wood

29

Who was buried at San José de Moro?

The priestesses of Moro

30

What do we learn about Moche ceremonies from tombs at San José de Moro?

They used a goblet to collect blood used in ritualistic bloodletting. This goblet was buried with the priestess