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CMS - 6th Grade - PRIOR NOTECARDS > india > Flashcards

Flashcards in india Deck (66)
1

What is a subcontinent?

a large landmass that is smaller than a continent

2

Is India a subcontinent?

yes

3

What is the highest mountain range in the world?

Himalayas

4

What is to the North of India?

Himalayas

5

What is to the West of India?

Hindu Kush

6

Where was India's 1st civilization?

Indus

7

What caused the land to be fertile in Pakistan?

Indus flooded when the mountain snow melted.

8

Where did the Harappans settle?

The Indus River Valley

9

What made the Harappans grow?

irrigation and agriculture

10

Describe the climate.

hot and humid

11

What is a monsoon?

seasonal wind patterns that causes wet and dry seasons

12

How many inches of rain does India receive in the summer due to monsoons?

100 or 200 inches of rain

13

What are winters like in India?

warm, dry

14

Who was the Harappan civilization named after?

Harrapas

15

The Harappa and the Mojenho Daro had what type of wells?

public wells

16

What do you think the public wells were used for?

drinking water

17

What is a citadel?

fortress

18

What did Harappan houses have?

bathrooms and indoor plumbing

19

Have we deciphered Harappan writing?

no

20

Why don't we know how Harappan civilization ended?

There is no written record.

21

What are Vedas?

religious writings

22

Did the Aryans build big cities?

no

23

What is raja?

a leader who ruled a village and the land around it

24

Did all the rajas get along?

no

25

What happened when the rajas did not get along?

They went to war against each other.

26

Why did the Arayans memorize their poems and hymns?

They could not read or write so they memorized.

27

What is Sanskrit?

The most important language of ancient India.

28

Is Sanskrit spoken today in India?

no

29

Why were the Brahmins the highest ranking?

performed rituals for the gods

30

What is a caste?

a level in society that divided India into groups based on a person's birth, wealth, or occupation

31

At one time how many castes existed in India?

3,000

32

The caste a person belong determined _________.

The caste a person belong determined their place in society.

33

Who was the worst off in the caste system?

people who didn't belong to a caste

34

Could people have contact with the others that didn't belong to a caste?

no

35

What were some of the jobs of the Untouchables?

  •  tanning hides
  • disposing of dead animals

36

The Untouchables were seen as _______.

The Untouchables were seen as unclean.

37

Were you able to marry someone from another caste?

no

38

Were you able to eat with someone from another caste?

no

39

Hindus are ___________.

Hindus are vegetarians.

40

What did Mohandas Gandi call the Untouchables?

"children of God"

41

What did Mohandas Gandi do to help the Untouchables?

He worked to raise their status.

42

In 1949, the Untouchables were given _________ but people are still prejudice.

In 1949, the Untouchables were given legal rights but people are still prejudice.

43

What were thoughts written down by the Aryan Brahmins?

Vedic Text

44

The blending of many religious ideas caused the creation of what religion?

Hinduism

45

What is the largest religion in India?

Hinduism

46

Do Hindus believe in many gods?

yes

47

Name 3 major gods that Hindus worshipped.

  1. Brahma - the creator
  2. Shiva - the destroyer
  3. Vishmu - the Preserver

48

The Siva, the destroyer, is usually shown with __________.

The Siva, the destroyer, is usually shown with 4 arms and 3 eyes.

49

Definition:the process of rebirth

reincarnation

50

What is karma?

the effects of good or bad actions

51

If you have bad karma, you could be born as _____.

If you have bad karma, you could be born as a lower caste, such as a pig or ant.

52

What will you be born into if you have good Karma?

a higher caste

53

Women were inferior to _____.

Women were inferior to sun.

54

What were women not allowed to do?

read the Vedas or other sacred text

55

Name the 4 main social classes in India, according to the Vedas.

  1. Brahmins
  2. Kshatriyas
  3. Vaisyas
  4. Sudras

56

The Sudras had hard _____.

The Sudras had hard lives.

57

What would happen if you married someone or ate with someone outside of your caste?

You would be banned and known as an Untouchable.

58

How many Vedas are there?

four

59

What do the Vedas contain?

poems and hymns

60

Everyone has a ______ inside them.

Everyone has a soul inside them.

61

The soul holds the person's _______.

The soul holds the person's personality.

62

The ultimate goal is to unite the soul with ______, the universal spirit.

The ultimate goal is to unite the soul with Brahman, the universal spirit.

63

The Hindus believe the world is an ________.

The Hindus believe the world is an illusion

64

Brahman is the only ________.

Brahman is the only reality.

65

It takes many _______ to see through the illusion.

It takes many lifetimes to see through the illusion.

66

Why are Hindus reborn into another body?

Because it takes many lifetimes to see through the illusion.

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