Science - Chapter 4 Lesson 1 - Test 11/21/13 Flashcards Preview

CMS - 6th Grade - PRIOR NOTECARDS > Science - Chapter 4 Lesson 1 - Test 11/21/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Science - Chapter 4 Lesson 1 - Test 11/21/13 Deck (29)
1

What did the Greek philosopher Democritus propose about matter?

That matter was formed of small pieces that could not be cut into smaller parts.

2

Democritus used the word atomos, which means ______.

Democritus used the word atomos, which means "uncuttable".

3

In modern terms, an atom is the ______ particle that can be considered an element.

In modern terms, an atom is the smallest particle that can be considered an element.

4

_________ inferred that atoms had certain characteristics.

John Dalton inferred that atoms had certain characteristics.

5

What was John Dalton's theory about the characteristics of atoms?

He thought they were like smooth, hard balls that could not be broken into smaller pieces.

6

Who discovered that atoms contain negatively charged particles called neutrons?

J.J. Thomson

7

J.J. Thomson said that in addition to the neutrons, atoms must also contain some sort of _________, which would balance out the negative charge of the electrons.

positive charge

8

How did J.J. Thomson describe an atom that had electrons?

scattered throughout a ball of positive charge

9

Give an example of J.J. Thomson's description of an atom with electrons.

seeds in a watermelon

10

Rutherford's _________ showed that most of the particles passed straight through the foil with little or no deflection.

Rutherford's gold foil experiment showed that most of the particles passed straight through the foil with little or no deflection.

11

Like charges ______ each other.

Like charges repel each other.

12

What did Rutherford infer about an atom's positive charge?

An atom's positive charge must be packed with a small region in its center, called the nucleus.

13

The positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus are _____.

The positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus are protons.

14

Give an example of how a nucleus looks in an atom.

  • peach
  • cherry

15

When did Niels Bohr revise the atomic model?

1913

16

Niel Bohr suggested that ______ are found only in specific orbits around the nucleus.

Niel Bohr suggested that electrons are found only in specific orbits around the nucleus.

17

The orbits in Borh's model look like _______.

The orbits in Borh's model look like planets orbiting the sun or the rings of a tree.

18

Electrons move rapidly within a cloudlike region _______.

Electrons move rapidly within a cloudlike region around the nucleus.

19

An electron's movements is related to its __________, or the specific amount of energy it has.

An electron's movements is related to its energy level, or the specific amount of energy it has.

20

The ______ is another particle that exists in the nucleus of the atoms.

The neutron is another particle that exists in the nucleus of the atoms.

21

The neutron has _______.

The neutron has no charge.

22

At the center of the atom is a tiny nucleus containing _________.

At the center of the atom is a tiny nucleus containing protons and neutrons.

23

Surrounding the nucleus is a _________ region of moving electrons.

Surrounding the nucleus is a cloudlike region of moving electrons.

24

The space between the nucleus of an atom and its electrons is _____.

The space between the nucleus of an atom and its electrons is HUGE.

25

Give an example to describe the amount of space between a nucleus of an atom and its electrons.

500 meters or 5 soccer fields

26

It takes almost _____ electrons to equal the mass of 1 proton.

It takes almost 1,840 electrons to equal the mass of 1 proton.

27

A proton and neutron are almost ____ in mass.

A proton and neutron are almost equal in mass.

28

The number of protons in an atom's nucleus is its ______.

The number of protons in an atom's nucleus is its atomic number.

29

The sum of the protons and neutrons in the atom is the _________.

The sum of the protons and neutrons in the atom is the mass number.

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