What is mastitis?
Infection of breast tissue
What are some s/s of Mastitis?
Painful or tenderness, localized hard mass, and reddened area usually on 1 breast along w/ chills and fatigue
What is an essential pt. teaching point to prevent milk stasis?
Complete emptying of each breast during feedings
What type of transmission is mastitis?
Airborne through droplets or dust
When is a woman most at risk for developing mastitis?
2-4 wks after delivery
Who is at most risk for developing mastitis?
What causes mastitis?
Bacteria from baby’s mouth enters milk duct
What 3 bacterias are most common in mastitis?
Staph. aureus, E. Coli, and Streptococcus
When does mastitis more frequently happen?
After engorgement (3-5days)
A mom w/ engorgement needs to do what to their breasts?
Try to completely empty them
If a mom is not breastfeeding what are some things to do to avoid engorgement?
Breast binder, ice packs, ibuprofen
Can a mom infected w/ mastitis still breastfeed their baby?
What are some other causes of mastitis?
Engorgement and incomplete breast emptying, a plugged or clogged duct
When does a plugged or clogged duct occur?
When a milk duct isn’t draining well and inflammation/pressure builds up
If a duct is located close to the skin surface what is felt?
Affected area is warm to touch
Painful/tender breasts, redness/warmth to breast, swelling/engorgement of breast, body aches, fatigue, fever chills, and abscess are all what?
Symptoms of mastitis
What indicates a more serious infection of mastitis?
Lump that doesn’t get smaller hand expressing, nursing, or pumping, an abscess that’s deep and unable to be felt, pus draining from nipple, persistent fever, no improvement of symptoms w/in 48-72hrs of treatment
If symptoms of mastitis do not improve w/in 48-72hrs what is needed?
Rest, heat warm compresses, breastfeeding often on affected side, allow nipples to air dry, proper infant position/latch, completely emptying breasts during feeding, and admin of antibiotics as perscribed are all what?
Treatment for mastitis