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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (19)
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1

Gram-positive cocci in chains

streptococci

2

diffuse erythema that blanches discribed as a "sandpaper rash" which appears w sore throat

scarlet fever

3

facial flushing with circumoral pallor and strawberry tongue

scarlet fever

4

painful macular rash, usu confined to the face. Firery red and flaccid bullae may develop. Desquamates in 5-10 days

Erysipelas

5

MCC of cellulitis in the US

group A b-hemolytic strep

6

Prophy abx for pts with hx of rheumatic fever/ heart dx

NO

7

Centor criteria for strep pharyngitis

tonsillar exudates
absence of cough
tender anterior lymphadenopathy
hx of fever

3/4 =40- 60% chance of group A strep

8

anaerobic, spore-forming bacillus found in soil which inhibits release of ACh at neuromuscular junction
first finding is visual changes

Botulism
*infants shouldn't get honey

9

Spore-forming, gram-positive box-shaped rod found in cheep, cattle, horses, goats, and swine

anthrax

10

grey membrane in the back of the throat

diptheria

11

abx used for both diptheria and pertussis

erythromycin

12

trigeminal eruptions of zoster that occur on the nose are known as HUTCHINSON'S SIGN and pt is as risk of?

corneal involvement

13

zostavax

60+
contraindicated in pts allergic to gelatin or neomycin
contraindicated if immunocomp, pregnant, or TB

14

rabies post-exposure prophy

rabies immunoglobulin in wound and IM at distant site and human diploid cell vacine (HDCV) 5 injections on days 0,7, 14, and 28

15

borrelia burgdorferi

lyme disease
tx by Ixodides, small tick (usu unnoticed)

16

erythema migrans

lyme disease
bull's eye lesions

17

tx lyme dx

Doxy

18

Rickettsia rickettsii

RMSF
wood tick

19

Tx RMSF

doxy or chloramphenicol