Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (20):
1

Malaria mimic seen in New England?
Transmission?
How do you diagnose it?
Treatment?

Babesiosis
Ixodes tick
dx with thick and thin smears (like malaria); may see the Maltese cross
atovaquone + azithromycin OR clinda + quinine

2

Cutaneous ulcer OR purulent conjunctivitis with preauricular lymph nodes should make you think of this disease:

tularemia

3

Bloody diarrhea infectious agent associated with vaginitis?

Shigella

4

Bloody diarrhea infectious agent associated with bandemia on CBC?

Shigella

5

treatment of Shigella dysentery?

5d of azithro; can also do bactrim, 3rd gen cephalosporin, fluoroquinolones

6

infectious diarrhea agent to treat with antibiotics?

Shigella

7

tx for tularemia

streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline, cipro

8

responsible organism in Lemierre's disease?
treatment?

Fusobactermium necrophorum
unasyn

9

Pt with fever, PNA, endocarditis, flu-like symptoms.
Dx?
Tx?

Q-fever (Coxiella burnetti, rickettsial organism)
tx with doxy, fluoroquinolone

10

4 Kanavel Signs for Tenosynovitis

uniform swelling of the finger
tenderness along the course of the tendon
significant pain on passive extension
flexed position at rest

11

Treatment for cat scratch dz

Can usually observe, but if abx desired, try azithromycin to reduce duration of lymphadenopathy
Can also try rifampin, bactrim, and cipro

12

reasons to use VariZig

only for post-exposure ppx, but NOT once there is varicella infection

13

treatment for anthrax, plague, and tularemia?

doxy and/or cipro!!!!

14

gram+ rod that is a WMD

anthrax

15

WMD with non-specific flu like illness without rhinorrhea

anthrax

16

WMD with widened medistinum

anthrax

17

WMD with significantly tender regional LAD

plague (these are called buboes)

18

WMD with classic clinical finding of blood-streaked sputum

plague

19

WMD gram negative coccobacillus

Tularemia

20

WMD with rapid onset (3-12hrs) fever, HA, chills, myalgias, and cough

staph enterotoxin B