Infertility Flashcards Preview

Module 6: Repro/Endocrine > Infertility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infertility Deck (11):
1

What's the leading cause of infertility?

Male factor

2

What's the leading female factor in infertility?

Tubal factor

3

What is normal semen?

>20 million sperm/ml
>50% motility
>30% normal morphology

4

The bottom 2.5% of fertile males produce how many sperm per ml?

9 million

5

How do you overcome low sperm count?

IUI if >10 million
IVF if 3-10 million
<3 million ICSI

6

How do you evaluate tubal factor?

Hysterosalpingogram, US, Laparoscopy

7

What are some causes of tubal factor?

Endometriosis
Hydrosalpinx
PID

8

What are the diagnostic criteria for PCOS?

2 of 3:
Ovulatory disfunction
Biochemical or clinical evidence of hyperandrogenism
Polycystic ovaries

9

What is a polycystic ovary?

10 follicles of less than 10mm per ovary (string of pearls)
Thickened ovarian stroma.

10

What factors contribute to predicting ovarian reserve?

Age
FSH/Anti-mullerian hormone
Antral follicle count

11

What uterine factor abnormalities can be treated surgically?

Septate uterus
Leiomyomas
Endometrial polyps
Asherman Syndrome (uterine scars post PID or D&C)