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Flashcards in Information Processing Deck (13):
1

What are motor skills?

A. learned physical skills that become unconscious.
B. the same thing as hand-eye coordination.
C. mechanical skills used for engine maintenance and repair.
D. conscious physical skills.

A. learned physical skills that become unconscious

2

Which of the following requires good motor skills?

A. remembering a date.
B. recalling events from childhood.
C. hovering a helicopter.
D. memorising all of your credit card numbers.

C. hovering a helicopter

3

Which of the following statements regarding information in the working memory is TRUE?

A. It can only be retained with active rehearsal.
B. It is kept for the long term.
C. New information does not have any effect on it.
D. It is kept for about 3 to 4 minutes.

A. It can only be retained with active rehearsal

4

What is sensation and sensory memory?

A. It is part of long-term memory.
B. It is part of short-term memory.
C. It handles decision-making.
D. It serves as a filter for incoming information.

D. It serves as a filter for incoming information

5

How is selective attention helpful in performing tasks?

A. It is the sorting of sensory information.
B. It enables one to focus on one task without being distracted.
C. It allows the brain to switch back and forth among tasks quite rapidly.
D. It facilitates making multiple decisions at one time.

B. It enables one to focus on one task without being distracted

6

The pilot’s positional awareness is obtained from ______, ______, and associated ______ sensors of the central nervous system.

A. muscles, skin, pressure.
B. visual, skin, vestibular.
C. kinaesthetic, vestibular, pressure.
D. muscles, skin, kinaesthetic.

A. muscles, skin, pressure

7

What is episodic memory?

A. a portion of long-term memory.
B. storage of detailed information about certain events.
C. another term for sensation memory.
D. both A and B.

D. both A and B

8

If your attention is divided, that means

A. the same as selective attention.
B. the same thing as multitasking.
C. that the brain is trying to pay attention to two different situations.
D. attention on one item.

B. the same thing as multitasking

9

The correct pathway of information is: sensory register to _____ memory to _____ memory.

A. long-term; motor.
B. short-term; long-term.
C. long-term; short-term.
D. short-term; motor.

B. short-term; long-term

10

Which of the following statements is TRUE of motor skills?

A. Referred to a procedural memory.
B. Associated with knowledge based factual memory.
C. Associated with emotions.
D. Once developed, it doesn’t occur automatically.

A. Referred to a procedural memory

11

Which of the following statements about behaviours is MOST CORRECT?

A. Skill-based behaviours can be practiced until they become automated.
B. Rule-based behaviours are learned responses to special circumstances.
C. Knowledge-based behaviours are not procedural.
D. All of the above.

A. Skill-based behaviours can be practiced until they become automated

12

Which of the following statements is TRUE of short-term or working memory?

A. Can retain 7-9 pieces of information for up to a minute.
B. Can retain 4-7 pieces of information for up to a minute.
C. Can retain 5-10 pieces of information for up to a minute.
D. Can retain 1-3 pieces of information for up to a minute.

B. Can retain 4-7 pieces of information for up to a minute

13

What is rule-based behaviour?

A. Behaviour during an emergency response.
B. Unconscious behaviour.
C. Behaviour that may lead to environmental capture.
D. Behaviour that is used to assess a dangerous situation.

D. Behaviour that is used to assess a dangerous situation