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Flashcards in Inquiry Deck (15):
1

Factors that are measured in an experiment are the __________.

dependent variable

2

A testable prediction about a possible solution to a problem is called __________.

hypothesis

3

A factor that is manipulated in an experiment to change the dependent variable is the __________.

independent variable

4

When conducting an experiment, what can a scientist do to make the data more reliable?

Conduct multiple trials; make sure to keep necessary variables constant

5

List the steps of the scientific method in order.

1. Observing & Questioning
2. Research / background knowledge
3. Form a Hypothesis & making predictions
4. Investigate to learn more
5. Analyze
6. Form Conclusions
7. Communicate findings

6

When a scientist applies what they learn from an investigation to make something that is useful it is called __________.

technology

7

Why is skepticism an important part of the scientific process?

Causes doubt that leads to new investigations

8

The process of learning more about the natural world is __________.

science

9

An organized process used to gather observations and test a hypothesis is a(n) __________.

controlled experiment

10

A sample that is treated exactly like the other experimental groups except that the independent variable is not applied to it is a(n) __________.

control group

11

A factor in an experiment that changes from the manipulation of the independent variable is the __________.

dependent variable

12

The process of gathering information through the senses is called __________.

observing

13

A factor in an experiment that can change is __________.

variables

14

A factor that does NOT change in an experiment is a(n) __________.

constant

15

Identify the following statements as Qualitative or Quantitative Observations
a. The jacket is blue.
b. The height of the plant is 6 cm.
c. The volume of the box is 105 cubic centimeters.

a. Qualitative
b. Quantitative
c. Quantitative