Flashcards in INRS 7311 : Learning Unit 2 Research Topic , Research Questions and Hypotheses . Theme 1 Research Topics and Research Questions Deck (8):
Explain different sources of research topics 5 marks
*Direct experience and observation
*Society and societal context
*Tradition and culture-beliefs that stem from our environment.
*Theories and previous research-the proving of current theories and the debunking and refinement of accepted ones.
Explain the criteria for formulating a research problem 10 marks
*Answerability = The research problem must be able to be solved via observing a phenomenon .
*Feasibility = Manageable regarding cost , time , methodology and sample size .
*Scope = Not too broad or narrow .
*Theoretical value = Must be theoretically important and contribute to the advancement of knowledge .
*Relevance = Must make a noteworthy contribution . Should aim to explore , explain or question a particular phenomenon .
Discuss the influence of research traditions on the formulations of research problems 6 marks
*Positivistic tradition : Aims to predict , control , manipulate phenomena in natural and social environments. Research problems based on trying to find causal links .
*Intrepretivist tradition : Aim is to gain a deeper and more empathetic understanding of aspects of social life and human behaviour .
*Critical realist : Problems come from trying to liberate others from oppression . Try to counteract harmful ideological positions that promote oppression , whatever form that may be in .
Explain the influence of research traditions on the formulation of research questions 6 marks .
*Positivist tradition : Question will aim to identify a causal link . Will leave no room for error or guesswork
*Interpretivist : Question aims to gauge understanding or feelings in a particular situation . Not "black or white" , no specific answer is correct .
*Critical realist: How does this question help solve a problem that perpetuates the cycle of oppression ?
Explain criteria for formulating the research question : 5 marks
*Narrow down a broad topic to a more focused area
*Shouldn't just imply a desired outcome
*Should be directly related to the research problem statement .
*Should indicate how the data must be collected and how it should be interpreted .
Provide examples of empirical research questions
*Exploratory questions : Questions that start with "What?" eg What makes a good leader ?
*Descriptive questions : Does a relationship exist between a variable ? Or how many of a particular thing are or aren't there eg Is there a relationship between violence on TV and violent behaviour ? How many blac movie directors are there in the SA movie industry ?
*Causal questions : Attempt to ask "Why?" or determine what causes a given phenomenon . eg What causes school bullying ? "
*Evaluative questions : Attempt to indicate the outcome of a particular endeavour eg Has Instagram led to more online sales of this product ?
*Predictive questions : Addresses how one phenomenal aspect has or hasn't affected another . e.g. : What effect does junk status have on the SA economy ?
*Historical questions : Investigates how the history of a situation influenced the current situation .
Provide examples of non empirical questions 8 marks .
Meta-analytical : Try to ascertain current state of debates on topic .
*Conceptual : attempt to determine the meaning of constructs
*Theoretical : Try to ID appropriate themes , models , frameworks and explanations .
*Philosophical/normative : Addresses issues or a perfect state of being eg religious questions etc .