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Flashcards in Inspection Deck (30)
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1

What your you look for when inspecting the outside of a building?

Method of construction
Repair and condition of the exterior
Car parking/ access/ loading arrangements
Defects/ structural movement
Site boundaries on title plan
Age

2

What types of foundation are you aware off?

Trench/ strip footings
Raft
Piled
Pad

3

What is a trench foundation?

Also called strip footings

Used in resi for walls and closely spaced columns

4

What is a raft foundation?

A slab foundation spread over whole site to spread the load of light weight structures

5

What is piled foundation?

Long slender reinforced cylinders in the ground.

Used for high loads or less good ground conditions

6

What is a pad foundation?

A slab foundation under individual columns so load is spread evenly

7

What is the size of a brick

215 x 102.5 x 65

8

What types of walls are there?

Solid wall construction
Cavity wall construction

9

What is a solid wall construction?

Simplest type of wall with with headers, normally at least 1 brick thick

Flemish bond
English bond

10

What is a cavity wall construction?

2 layers of brickwork tied together with metal ties.

Installation in between

Evidence would include air brick or weep holes

11

If you saw white marks on brick what would it be?

Efflorescence

Caused when salts in the brick work reacts with water.

12

If brick work was crumbling what could it be a result of?

Spalling

Due to freeze/ thaw action

13

What is the specification of a grade A office building?

New AC
Suspended ceiling - 350mm
LG7 lighting
Double glazed windows
Raised floor - 150mm
Good natural light
2.5-3 KN/ Sq M

14

What is the standard specification of an industrial unit?

Steal frame
Min 8m clear eaves hight
Min 30KN/ Sq M floor loading
Plastic coated steel cladding
Brick work up to 2m
Full hight loading doors
5-10% offices
Approximate site cover of 40%

15

What types of AC are you aware of?

Variable Air Volume (VAV) - highest capital cost but most flexible.

Fan Coil - cheap and flexible but expensive to manage

Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV) - cheap but expensive to manage

Static Cooling (chilled beams) - low capital and running cost but not flexible

Comfort cooling - basic

16

What is R22?

R22 gas was made illegal to repair/ maintain in 2015 after a 10 year fading out period

Damages the ozone when released into the air

The EC Ozone Regulation

17

How would you find out the age of a building?

Ask client
Look at planning records
Land registry
Architectural style ( compare with comps)

18

How would you describe the construction method at Eldon house?

Concrete frame with solid Flemish bond wall on a pad foundation

The Eldon street elevation has a portland Stone facade and the Wilson street elevation is exposed red brick

19

What is a latent defect?

A fault in a property that could not have been discovered through reasonably thorough inspection

20

What is an inherent defect?

A defect in the design or material which has always been there

21

What would you do if you identified a defect on inspection?

Take photo
Try and establish the cause while on site
Inform client
Recommend specialist advice

22

What are the three main causes of defect?

Water
Movement
Deterioration of building material

23

What is the vertical downwards movement of a building and what is it caused by?

Subsidence

Loss of support on the site beneath the foundation

24

What is the expansion of the ground beneath a building?

Heave

Could be caused by tree removal

25

What would horizontal cracking in brickwork be?

Cavity wall tie failure

26

What is rising damp?

Moisture rising up the bricks in a building similar stopping around 1.5m

27

What defect would you likely find at Eldon House?

Dry rot (fungal)
Wet rot
Tile slippage
Damp penetration at roof and ground floor level
Water ingress around doors and windows
Subsidence
End of terrace

28

What is deleterious material?

Can degrade with age causing structural problems

Brown stain on concrete

High alumina cement (HAC)
1950/60/70

29

What act deals with contamination?

Environmental Protection Act 1990

30

How would you investigate contamination?

3 phases

1. Review site history with desktop study and site inspection

2. Investigation to identify nature and extent of contamination with detailed soil samples

3. Remediation report