Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary System Deck (48):
0

What are the functions of the integumentary system?

Protect
helps regulate body temp.,
helps manufacture vitamin D
site of many nerveending
temporary storage of fat, water glucose, and salt for use by the body
screen out harmful uv rays
able to absorb certain drugs and chemical substance

1

What is the most outermost layer?

Epidermis

2

What does avascular mean

No blood vessels

3

What is another name for dermis?

True skin

4

What is the inner most layer of the skin

Hypodermis

5

What is the dermis made of?

Connective tissue and is vascular (has blood vessels)

6

What makes up most of the epidermis

Keratinocytes

7

What is our sensory cells for touch

Markel cells

8

What does stratum spinosum contain

Melanocytes, keratinocytes, and langerhans cells

9

Blank and blank contains the only epidermal cells that receive nourishment from the dermis

Stratum germinativum and stratum spinosum

10

Where does keratinization process begin and cells starts to die

In the stratum granulosum

11

Where is the stratum Lucidim

Found in palms of hands and soles of feet ( hairless areas)

12

What is the worst type of cancer

Melanoma

13

What is another name for dermis

Corium

14

Blank is the thicker inner layer of the skin

Dermis

15

What does the dermis contain

Connective tissue
Collagen
Elastic fibers which blood vessels pass
Nerve endings
Hair follicles
Oil and sweat glands
Fat cells
Sensory nerves

16

What lies under the dermis

Subcutaneous or hypodermal layer

17

Blank is also called superficial fascia

Subcutaneous or hypodermal layer

18

In the hair components what is the part you see

Root shaft

19

These hair follicles make the hair wavy

Oval hair follicles

20

These hair follicles makes hair curly

Flat hair follicles

21

These hair follicles makes hair straight

Round hair follicles

22

What is also known as sudoriferous glands

Sweat glands

23

What shape are sudoriferous gland

Tubular shaped with coiled base and tube like duct

24

Where are apocrine glands located

Armpits
Areolae of nipples
Genital region

25

This gland becomes active at puberty

Apocrine gland

26

What are sebaceous gland

Oil glands

27

This is a disorder of the sebaceous gland

Acne vulgaris

28

Blank is a contagious fungal infection and to treat it you use anti-fungal MEDS

Athletics foot

29

Dermatitis is what

Inflammation of the skin, usually due to change in laundry soap, soap etc

30

Blank is acute or chronic no contagious inflammatory skin disease

Eczema

31

This is usually seen in babies and young children and is a acute inflammatory contagious skin disease

Impetigo

32

Vesicles that rupture and develop distinct yellow crust

Impetigo

33

What is psoriasis

Chronic inflammatory skin disease with dry reddish patches covered with silvery white scales

34

How is psoriasis triggered

Stress
Trauma
Infection

35

Psoriasis affects what areas

Elbow
Knees
Skin
Scalp
Lower back

36

Urticaria or hives is what

Wheals or welts that usually have white center with surrounding pink area

37

Boils are also called what

Carbuncles

38

Boils are usually infection of what

Of hair follicles or sebaceous glands d/t staph

39

Herpes is usually seen as a blank

Blister

40

This type of herpes is around the mouth aka fever blister

Herpes simplex

41

Herpes zoster (shingles) is infection in blank

The nerve endings

42

What cancer is most common usually on the face and least malignancy

Basal cell carcinoma

43

Arises from epidermis
Grows quickly -metastasized to lymph nodes

Squamous cell carcinoma

44

Malignant melanoma occurs where

Occurs in melanocytes - pigment cells of skin

45

In the hypodermis or subq layer what is the thickest part

Palms of handstand soles of feet

46

What are the epidermal layers deepest to superficial

Stratum germinativum
Stratum spinousm
Stratum granulosum
Stratum Lucidum
Stratum corneum

47

What does stratum corneum do as it dies

They produce keratin (protein) that makes skin dry and provided waterproof covering