Flashcards in Integumentary system- clinical terms Deck (17):
What is carbuncle?
A skin infection that often involves a group of hair follicles - the infected materials form a lump which occurs deep in the skin- medical term for multiple boils
What is a cold sore?
A lesion that typically occurs in or around the mouth and is caused by a dormant herpes simplex virus that may be reactivated by factors such as stress, fever or sunburn- also called fever blister
What is a comedo?
The primary sign of acne, consisting of an enlarged pore filled with skin debris, bacteria, sebum- medical term for a blackhead
What is dermatology?
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the skin, hair and nails
What is eczema?
Rash characterised by inflamed, itchy, dry, scaly or irritated skin
What is frostbite?
Injury to body tissues caused by exposure to below freezing temperatures typically affecting the nose, fingers or toes and sometimes resulting in gangrene
What is furuncle?
A skin infection involving an entire hair follicle and nearby skin tissue- medical term for a boil
What is gangrene?
A term that describes dead or dying body tissue that occurs because the local bloody supply to the tissue is either lost or inadequate to keep the tissue alive
What is impetigo?
An infection of the surface of the skin caused by staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria
What is nevus?
A benign pigmented spot on the skin such as a mole
What is onycholysis?
A nail disorder characterised by a spontaneous separation of the nail plate starting at the distal free margin and progressing proximally
What is pallor?
An unhealthy pale appearance
What is porphyria?
A rare hereditary disease in which the blood pigment haemoglobin is abnormally metabolised. Porphyrins are excreted in the urine which becomes dark- other symptoms include mental disturbances, and extreme sensitivity to the skin to light
What is rosacea?
A condition in which certain facial blood vessels enlarge giving the cheeks and nose a flushed appearance
What is scleroderma?
An idiopathic chronic autoimmune disease characterised by hardening and contraction of the skin and connective tissue, either locally or throughout the body
What is tinea?
A skin infection caused by a fungus- also called ringworm