INTELLIGENCE Flashcards Preview


Flashcards in INTELLIGENCE Deck (12):

definition of intelligence

-unlikely to be a single entity or construct

-what is considered intelligent maybe socially constructed idea

-intelligence can be broadly defined as the ability to acquire knowledge, to think and reason affectively and to deal with the environment


Approaches to intelligence

Psychometirc approach

is when the research and this is a battery of tests to a sample, quantified them by how many stands they got correct, actually and speed and then you statistics to see if they are related to one another (quantitative approach)

Cognitive process approach

Identify components of intelligence, how intelligence expressed


Spearmans G factor

Two factor theory of intelligence

General intelligence-g (underlines factor)

Specific components-s (learned ability)

G factor can predict academic and employment success


Thurstones 7 primary abilities

- disagreed with g factor

- 7 distinct and primary abilities

1.Space reasoning about spatial information
2.verbal comprehension and understanding verbal statements-language
3Word fluency producing verbal statements
4. Number facility dealing with numbers
5perception of speed recognising visual patterns
6.rote memory memorisation
7. Reasoning dealing with novel problems


Crystallised and fluid intelligence

Raymond cantell and John horn

Extended spearmans G factor and propose that it was comprised of two components

fluid intelligence (gf) - when you come to a new problem and don't have experience with it, but using your working memory to work it

Crystallised intelligence (gc)
Info learnt through experience about the world. as age increases, experience increases


Triarchric theory of intelligence

Robert Sternberg

Intelligent underpinned by three components

Meta-components (analyse problems)

performance components (psychological process as to how the problem is intact such as changing strategies it's not working)

knowledge acquisition components (creative thinking, new solutions for problems)


Gardeners multiple intelligence

-broader view of intelligence

-is measured using traditional and non-traditional techniques

1:linguistic-ability to use language
2: logical/mathematical - ability to reason mathematically
3:Visual spatial/reasoning
4: musical/musical perception
5: body/kinaesthetic -ability to control bodily movements
6:interpersonal- ability to understand and relate to others such as Oprah
7. Intra personal-ability to understand oneself
8. Naturalistic intelligence-detect and understand natural world


Mayers personal and emotional intelligent

Extended Gardens inter and interpersonal intelligence

Two additions of intelligence
1: personal intelligence (judge others personality- marriage)

2: emotional intelligence (I didn't defy emotions accurately and use information to understand and manage others- a good manager)


Wechsler adult intelligence scale


Measures verbal and non-verbal ability

1 Verbal comprehension
2 perceptual reasoning
3 working memory
4 processing speed

In that schools can be combined and for IQ scores


Other measures

-achievement tests (peabody individual achievement test (PIAT)

Aptitude tests
(Differential aptitude test (DAT)

Non-verbal tests
(Ravens progressive matrices)


Ethnic group differences


-must have a test that can be used for all situations and people

Differences between groups:
Japanese children's score higher than US, European, Australian children


Three stratum-model

John carroll

- a 3-tier model arranged hierarchically
-combining findings on results from different studies and data sets
-conceptualisation of intelligence is very broad, with multiple components and relationships