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Flashcards in Intro Deck (48)
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1

the autonomic nervous system is part of

both CNS and PNS

2

what makes up the brainstem

medulle
pons
midbrain

3

caudal side of brain

posterior

4

fasciculus

another name for portions of white matter in the SC

5

name the meninges from superior to inferior

dura mater
arachnoid
subarachnoid space
pia mater
(cerebral cortex)

6

rostral side of brain

anterior

7

hippocampus

temporal lobe
learning
memory

8

components of the diencephalon

thalamus
hypothalamus

9

Parasympathetics are also called

craniosacral

10

midbrain

part of brainstem
motor control
motivation
auditory/visual integration

11

in the SC, white matter...

contains axons
surrounds gray matter

12

choroid plexus

lines ventricles
tissue source of CSF
volume = 150 ml
production = 500 ml/day

13

functions of the dorsal (posterior) horns of gray matter in the SC

sensory processing

14

in the spinal cord, the gray matter...

is surrounded by white matter
contains cell bodies of neurons

15

spinal nerves are what kind of nerves?

sensory and motor

16

ventral roots

motor (efferent) neurons

17

The peripheral nervous system is made up of

cranial and spinal nerves

18

function frontal lobe

impulse control
language
problem solving
motor control

19

function of hypothalamus

homeostasis:
temp control
feeding
circadian rhythms

20

pons

in brainstem
"bridge"
communication between cortex and cerebellum

21

dorsal roots

sensory/afferent neurons

22

functions of occipital lobe

visual processing

23

ventral (anterior) horn

motor processing in the gray matter of the SC

24

function of basal ganglia

motor control

25

what nerves make up parasympathetics

cranial nerves 3, 7, 9, 10
sacral nerves - bladder/bowel control

26

amygdala

temporal lobe
emotions

27

function of cerebellum

motor coordination
procedural memory

28

sympathetics control

fight or flight

29

the medulla controls

blood pressure
respiration

30

where are there enlargements of the white matter in the SC and what are they for

cervical - arms, hands
lumbar - legs, feet

31

the neural axis extends from the spinal cord to the cerebral cortices. as part of the axis, the midbrain in located between:

the pons and the diencephalon

32

name the types of spinal nerves from superior to inferior and how many pairs there are of each

8 cervical
12 thoracic
5 lumbar
5 sacral
1 coccygeal

33

what is in the subarachnoid space

blood vessels
CSF

34

sympathetics are also called

thoracolumbar

35

functions of CSF

buoyancy
protection - cushions against trauma
remove waste
transport nutrients

36

function of cerebral cortex

sensory
motor
integration
cognition

37

function of thalamus

sensory relay

38

function of parietal lobe

somatosensory processing
visual processing

39

how many pairs of spinal nerves are there

31

40

sympathetics are made up of which nerves

thoracic
lumbar

41

hydrocephalus

buildup of fluid in ventricles

42

parasympathetics control

rest and digest functions

43

how many pairs of cranial nerves

12

44

components of the forebrain

diencephalon - thalamus, hypothalamus
basal ganglia
cerebral hemispheres
cerebral cortex

45

function of temporal lobe

auditory processing
learning/memory - hippocampus
emotions - amygdala

46

path of CSF flow

lateral ventricles
interventricular foramen of monro
3rd ventricle
cerebral aqueduct
4th ventricle
foramen of lushka/foramen of magendie
subarachnoid space

47

"limbic lobe"

emotional control
learning
memory

48

name the cerebral hemispheres

frontal lobe
parietal
occipital
temporal
"limbic"