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Flashcards in Intro Deck (50)
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1

What is organic chemistry?

The Chemistry of carbon containing compounds

2

Why does carbon form vast numbers of compounds?

It can form strong covalent bonds with itself

3

What do the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds depend on?

The number and arrangement of carbon atoms in the molecule

The functional group of the compound

4

What is a functional group?

A specific atom/group of atoms which give certain physical and chemical properties to the molecule

5

Define homologous series

Organic compounds with the same functional group but different number of C atoms

6

Give the 4 main characteristics of a homologous series

Same general formula

Similar chemical properties

Trend in physical properties

One differs from the next by CH2

7

Give the general formula of alkanes

Cn H2n+2

8

Give the general formula of cycloalkanes

Cn C2n

9

Give the general formula of alkenes

Cn H2n

10

Give the functional group of Haloalkanes

|
-C-halogen
|

11

Give the suffix for alkanes

-ane

12

Give the prefix/ suffix for cycloalkanes

Cyclo...ane

13

Give the prefix/ suffix for alkenes

What is the functional group

-ene

C=C

14

Give the prefix/ suffix for haloalkanes

Fluoro-
Chloro
Bromo-
Iodo-
-ane

15

Give the prefix/ suffix for alcohols

What is the functional group

___ ol

OR

hydroxy_____

-OH

16

Give the prefix/ suffix for aldehydes

Give the functional group

___al


-C=O
|
H

17

Give the prefix/ suffix for ketones

What is the functional group

_____one

C
|
C=O
|
C

18

Give the prefix/ suffix for carboxylic acids

Give the functional group

___oic acid


-C=O
|
OH

19

Give the prefix/ suffix for acyl chlorides

Give the functional group

___oyl chloride

O
||
R-C-Cl

20

Give the prefix/ suffix for acid anhydrides

-anoic anhydride

21

Give the prefix/ suffix for esters

Give functional group

-yl ___anoate

O
||
R-C-OR’

22

Give the prefix/ suffix for nitriles

Give the functional group

-ane nitrile

N
|||
C-

23

Give the prefix/ suffix for amines

Give the functional group

___yl amine

OR

Amino____ ane

|
C-NH2
|

24

Give the prefix/ suffix for amides

Give the functional group

-amide

O
||
R-C-NH2

25

Give the prefix/ suffix for N-substituted amides

N- ___ yl -anamide

Eg N-methyl ethanamide

26

Give the functional group for N substituted amides

O
||
R-C-N-R’
|
H

27

Give the prefix/ suffix for aromatics

Phenyl____

OR

- benzene

28

Give the functional group for acid anhydrides


O O
|| ||
R-C-O-C-R

29

Define molecule formula

Shows the actual number of atoms of each element in a compound

30

Define empirical formula

The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound