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What are the 2 limitations of church history?

1. Church history is not the word of God
2. Ecclesiological models of the past are rooted in their own historical contexts


What are the 3 basic suppositions about history?

1. History is linear and purposeful
2. Linear history is the unfolding of God's story over time
3. The Bible is a genuine historical account


What are the 5 crucial moments in the story of God?

1. Creation
2. Fall
3. Promise
4. Redemption
5. Consummation


Define church history

The study of past convictions of professing believers in Christ relating to both doctrine and church practice


Define social history

The history of Christian practice


Define historical theology

The history of Christian thought


What are the four key periods of church history?

1. Patristric (100-500)
2. Medieval (500-1500)
3. Reformation (1500-1650)
4. Modern (1650-Present)


The Roman Empire brought 5 things that directly impacted the early church and Christianity, what are they?

1. Political unity and peace
2. A shrinking world
3. A social class system
4. An antagonistic religious establishment
5. Diversity between urban and rural settings


Define the Senatorial class

Wealthy landowners who also held high positions in the civil affairs of Rome


Define Equestrian class

Wealthy landowners who worked mostly in military posts or in the financial world of Rome


Define Aristocrats

Smaller, less significant landowners, mostly living and working in more local, smaller positions


Define Freedmen

The vast majority of the population made up of both freed slaves and their children and who enjoyed full citizenship; merchants and tradesmen


Define slaves

Second largest group and not citizens


What are 3 truths regarding early Christianity in the context of Judaism?

1. The earliest manifestations of mission and evangelism took place within and towards Judaism
2. Rome initially perceived of Christianity as a sect within Judaism
3. Staunch Jews reacted by drawing a line of delineation between the two


What were the two early apostolic understandings of the kingdom of God?

1. The kingdom was understood in salvific terms
2. The kingdom was still yet to come


What was the first major question the church was forced to consider?

The integration of the Gentile


What were the 3 events that caused a definitive break from Judaism?

1. Gentile Pentecost
2. Jerusalem Council
3. Destruction of the Temple


What two factors led to the waning of an eschatological perception of the kingdom?

Missions and evangelism


As Christianity began to develop its own identity, 2 things began to be lost?

1. Kingdom as community
2. Kingdom as coming


What is the oldest surviving Christian document outside of the NT?

1 Clement


Clement of Rome argued for two church offices, what are they?

1. Bishops/elders (plurality)
2. Deacons


Who said, "Christianity is greatest when it is hated by the world."

Ignatius of Antioch


Who referred to the Lord's Supper as "the medicine of immortality"?

Ignatius of Antioch


What two areas of ministerial recommendations did the early church take very seriously?

1. Evangelism and missions
2. Benevolence


On what two fronts was evangelism conducted in the early church?

1. Public preaching
2. Relational evangelism


What can we learn from church history?

5 pedagogical components

1. Thematic
2. Hermeneutical
3. Cultural
4. Exhortative
5. Lineage