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Flashcards in Intro and Inception of Church History Deck (26)
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1

What are the 2 limitations of church history?

1. Church history is not the word of God
2. Ecclesiological models of the past are rooted in their own historical contexts

2

What are the 3 basic suppositions about history?

1. History is linear and purposeful
2. Linear history is the unfolding of God's story over time
3. The Bible is a genuine historical account

3

What are the 5 crucial moments in the story of God?

1. Creation
2. Fall
3. Promise
4. Redemption
5. Consummation

4

Define church history

The study of past convictions of professing believers in Christ relating to both doctrine and church practice

5

Define social history

The history of Christian practice

6

Define historical theology

The history of Christian thought

7

What are the four key periods of church history?

1. Patristric (100-500)
2. Medieval (500-1500)
3. Reformation (1500-1650)
4. Modern (1650-Present)

8

The Roman Empire brought 5 things that directly impacted the early church and Christianity, what are they?

1. Political unity and peace
2. A shrinking world
3. A social class system
4. An antagonistic religious establishment
5. Diversity between urban and rural settings

9

Define the Senatorial class

Wealthy landowners who also held high positions in the civil affairs of Rome

10

Define Equestrian class

Wealthy landowners who worked mostly in military posts or in the financial world of Rome

11

Define Aristocrats

Smaller, less significant landowners, mostly living and working in more local, smaller positions

12

Define Freedmen

The vast majority of the population made up of both freed slaves and their children and who enjoyed full citizenship; merchants and tradesmen

13

Define slaves

Second largest group and not citizens

14

What are 3 truths regarding early Christianity in the context of Judaism?

1. The earliest manifestations of mission and evangelism took place within and towards Judaism
2. Rome initially perceived of Christianity as a sect within Judaism
3. Staunch Jews reacted by drawing a line of delineation between the two

15

What were the two early apostolic understandings of the kingdom of God?

1. The kingdom was understood in salvific terms
2. The kingdom was still yet to come

16

What was the first major question the church was forced to consider?

The integration of the Gentile

17

What were the 3 events that caused a definitive break from Judaism?

1. Gentile Pentecost
2. Jerusalem Council
3. Destruction of the Temple

18

What two factors led to the waning of an eschatological perception of the kingdom?

Missions and evangelism

19

As Christianity began to develop its own identity, 2 things began to be lost?

1. Kingdom as community
2. Kingdom as coming

20

What is the oldest surviving Christian document outside of the NT?

1 Clement

21

Clement of Rome argued for two church offices, what are they?

1. Bishops/elders (plurality)
2. Deacons

22

Who said, "Christianity is greatest when it is hated by the world."

Ignatius of Antioch

23

Who referred to the Lord's Supper as "the medicine of immortality"?

Ignatius of Antioch

24

What two areas of ministerial recommendations did the early church take very seriously?

1. Evangelism and missions
2. Benevolence

25

On what two fronts was evangelism conducted in the early church?

1. Public preaching
2. Relational evangelism

26

What can we learn from church history?

5 pedagogical components

1. Thematic
2. Hermeneutical
3. Cultural
4. Exhortative
5. Lineage