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Flashcards in Intro into OM Theory Deck (49):
1

What describes the meaning of the Tao?

  • The Way
  • The One

2

What are the 4 aspects of Yin Yang Relationship?

  1. OPPOSITION - relative opposition containing seed of the opposite
  2. INTERDEPENDANCE - they cannot exist without each other
  3. MUTUALLY CONSUMING - when one is out of balance it affects the other
  4. INTERTRANSFORMATIONAL - they convert into each other

3

What are the Yin Yang Correspondences?

  • YANG: light, sun, brightness, activity, heaven, round, time, east, south, left, immaterial, produces energy, generates, non-substantial, energy, expansion, raising, above, fire
  • YIN: darkness, moon, shade, rest, earth, flat, space, west, north, right, material, produces form, grows, substantial, matter, contraction, descending, below, water

4

Describe the 4 seasons in terms of Yin & Yang.

  • SPRING: yang within yin - growth of yang
  • SUMER: yang within yang - maximum yang
  • AUTUMN: yin within yang - growth of yin
  • WINTER: yin within yin - maximum yin

5

Describe the Mutual Consuming of Yin & Yang.

  • Excess of Yin = FULL COLD
  • Excess of Yang = FULL HEAT
  • Deficiency of Yang (Consumption) = EMPTY COLD or FALSE COLD
  • Deficiency of Yin (Consumption) = EMPTY HEAT or FALSE HEAT

6

Is it easier to eliminate excess or boost deficiency?

Eliminate excess.

7

What are the 5 elements according to TCM?

  • Wood
  • Fire
  • Earth
  • Metal
  • Water

8

What are the 4 elemental sequences?

  • GENERATING = water, wood, fire, earth, metal
  • CONTROLLING = water, fire, metal, wood, earth
  • OVER-ACTING = water, fire, metal, wood, earth
  • INSULTING = water, earth, wood, metal, fire

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9

What are the MOVEMENTS associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - expansion
  • Fire - upwards
  • Earth - center point, stability
  • Metal - contraction
  • Water - downwards

10

What are the TASTES associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - sour
  • Fire - bitter
  • Earth - sweet
  • Metal - pungent
  • Water - salty

11

What are the SEASONS associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - spring
  • Fire - summer
  • Earth - late season, no season
  • Metal - autumn
  • Water - winter

12

What are the COLORS associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - green
  • Fire - red
  • Earth - yellow
  • Metal- white
  • Water black

13

What are the ORGANS associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood = LV, GB
  • Fire = HT, SI (PI, SJ)
  • Earth = SP, ST
  • Metal = LU, LI
  • Water - KD, UB

14

What EMOTIONS are associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - anger
  • Fire - joy
  • Earth - pensiveness
  • Metal - sadness, greif
  • Water - fear

15

What SOUNDS are associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - shouting
  • Fire - laughing
  • Earth - singing
  • Metal - crying
  • Water - groaning

16

What are the CLIMATES associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - wind
  • Fire - heat
  • Earth - dampness
  • Metal - dryness
  • Water - cold

17

What are the TISSUES associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - sinews
  • Fire - vessels
  • Earth - muscles
  • Metal - skin
  • Water - bones

18

What are the SENSE ORGANS associated with the 5 elements?

  • Wood - eyes
  • Fire - tongue
  • Earth - mouth
  • Metal - nose
  • Water - ears

19

Describe manifestations of DEFICIENT YIN.

insomnia, nigth sweats, 5 palm heat, low grade fever

20

Describe manifestations of DEFICIENT YANG.

cold, always need scarf, want to curl up at home, low blabido, edema (no heat to move the water)

21

Describe manifestations of EXCESS YANG.

fever, heat, restlessness

22

Describe manifestations of EXCESS YIN.

cold, shivering, blue, cramps due to cold, damp (candida/yeast), thigh tongue coating, dense... gas, bloating, vaginal discharge

23

What are the 5 vital substances?

  • Qi
  • Blood (Xue)
  • Essence (Jing)
  • Body Fluids (Jin, Yi)
  • Mind (Shen)

24

What is Qi?

  • a manifestation of energy
  • inanimate or non-substantial
  • connected to funcational ability of organs
  • comes into body in form of food/fluids

25

What is Post-Heaven Essence?

  • what you get from food, fluid, activity
  • how you live your life
  • stomach & spleen are root of this

26

What is Post-Heaven Essence?

  • what you get from food, fluid, activity
  • how you live your life
  • stomach & spleen are root of this

27

What is Kidney Essence?

  • derived from pre & post heaven essence
  • determins growth, reproduction, developement, sexual maturation, conception, pregnancy, menopause, and ageing
  • has to turn into kidney qi for body to use it
  • essence + kidney yin are similair
  • kidney yang turns into kidney qi

28

What is Kidney Yang?

Ming Meng Fire

29

What is Essence?

Jing

  • something that is refined or distilled
  • refers to pre-heaven, post-heaven & kidney essence

30

What is Origional Qi?

Yuan Qi

  • related to kidney essence - essence in the form of qi
  • origionates between 2 kidneys
  • derrived from pre-heaven essence
  • replenished by post-heaven qi
  • related to the gate of life (ming men)
  • foundation for all yin & yang energies
  • motive force that moves funcational activity of organs
  • helps transformation of gathering qi (zong qi) into true qi (zhen qi)
  • helps transformation of food qi (gu qi) into blood
  • comes out of yuan source points

31

What are the 3 TREASURES?

  • Mind (heart - heaven)
  • Qi (stomach, spleen - person)
  • Essence (kidneys - earth)

32

What are the fucntions of Kidney Essence?

  1. determines growth, reproduction & developement
  2. basis of Kidney-Qi
  3. produces Marrow
  4. basis of constitution
  5. foundation of the 3 treasures

33

What is Defensive Qi?

Wei Qi

  • has root in lower burner (kidnesys), nourished by middle burner (stomach/spleen), and spread outward in the upper burner (lungs)
  • coarse form of qi
  • circulates in the couli space
  • protects the body from invasion by external pathogens
  • warms the muscles
  • regulates opening & closing of pores

34

What is Nutritive Qi?

Ying Qi

  • nourishes the internal organs
  • closely linked to blood
  • flows in channels & blood vessels

35

What is True Qi?

Zhen Qi

  • originates from gathering qi
  • origionates from lunges
  • assumes two forms (nutritive & devensive qi)

36

What is Gathering Qi?

Zong Qi

  • nourishes the heart and lungs
  • enhances and promotes lung fucntion of controling qi and respiration + heart function of goveringing blood & vessels
  • controls speach and strength of voice

37

What is Upright Qi?

Zheng Qi

  • umbrella term for all types of qi that play a role in the defense of the bofy from invasion from external pathogens: wei qi, ying qi, kidney essence

38

What is Central Qi?

Zhong Qi

  • true qi of ST/SP
  • the SP function of transformation & transportation
  • the SP fucntion of raising qi

39

What is Food Qi?

Gu Qi

  • originates from stomach and sleepn
  • origin of qi and blood
  • rises to the chest where (in the lungs) it combines with air to form gathering qi (zong qi)
  • rises to the chest where (in the heart) it is transformed into blood

40

What are the 6 fucntions of Qi?

  1. transforming
  2. transporting
  3. holding
  4. raising
  5. protecting
  6. warming

41

What are the functions of Blood?

  1. nourishes the body
  2. circulates with nutritive qi
  3. moistens the body
  4. houses the mind
  5. determines menstruation

MAIN FUNCTION IS TO NOURISH!

42

What is the relationship between Blood & Qi?

  • Qi generates blood (makes it)
  • Qi moves blood
  • Qi holds blood in place
  • Blood is the mother of Qi (Qi relies on blood for nourishment)

43

What are the 4 Qi pathologies? 

  1. Deficient - low energy, lack of activity or organ (diet/overwork)
  2. Sinking - prolapse
  3. Stagnant - pain, discomfort, stress (less severe than blood stagnantion)
  4. Rebellious - move in wrong drirection - cough, vomit, etc.

44

What are the 3 blood pathologies? 

  1. Deficient - annemia
  2. Heat - hemorate
  3. Stasis - pain (clot, tumor)

45

What are the two types of body fluids?

  1. JIN FLUIDS = move quickly, moisten, norush, thin blood out and prevent stasis - sweat, tears, salaiva, mucous (defensive qi exterior)
  2. YI LIQUIDS = turbid, heavey, dense - moisten joints, spine, brain, bone marrow (nutritive qi interior)

THEY MOISTEN (DO NOT NOURISH)!

46

What are 2 fluid pathologies?

  1. Excess (accumulation) - edema
  2. Deficient - dryness

47

What are the fucntions of the mind?

Shen is the most subtle of all vitabl substances.

  • consciousness
  • thinking
  • memory
  • insight
  • cognition
  • sleep
  • intelligence
  • wisdom
  • ideas
  • affections
  • feelings
  • senses

48

Where is the Shen housed?

In the heart = all emotions adfec the heart.

  • Wood - anger
  • Fire - joy
  • Metal - saddness
  • Water - fear
  • Earth - pensiveness

49

Describe the pathway of Qi in the body.

  1. Have food (ie apple)
  2. Chew & swallow to ST 
  3. Transformed by SP = Gu Qi (Food)
  4. Mix with Air from LU = Zong Qi (Gathering)
  5. Go to HT = transformed into Blood
  6. Origional Qi (Yuan) mixes with Gathering Qi (Zong) to become True Qi (Zhen)
  7. Zhen Qi becomes Wei (Defensive) and Ying (Nutritive) Qi