OM - Gerrard Flashcards Preview

Fundamental Theory of OM > OM - Gerrard > Flashcards

Flashcards in OM - Gerrard Deck (94):

What is the Control Cycle?

5 element theory 

aka: Overacting Cycle

'Earth overacts upon Water, Water overacts upon Fire..."


What is Yang Wei Mai?

  • aka Yang Linking Vessel
  • connects all yang channels
  • dominates exterior of body
  • tx alternating chills/fever, px on lateral aspect of body


Lung in TCM


  • connecting internal and external world thru nose/pores
  • upper source of water
  • excretes fluids through sweat via cou li space
  • diffuses body fluids to skin/mms as a mist
  • descends body fluid to KD 
  • "delicate" organ, easily attacked
  • in charge of Regulation
  • governs qi & respiration
  • diffuses/descends qi and fluids
  • controls channels and blood vessels
  • regulates water passages
  • controls skin and body hair
  • opens to the nose
  • houses Po
  • affected by grief, sadness
  • controls voice - strength, tone, clarity
  • Zong Qi promotes function


What are the correspondences to Metal?


Quality:  can be molded and can harden, inward/contractile movement

Cycles:  Metal creates Water, Metal controls Wood, Metal insults Fire

ZangFu:  LU, LI

Sense Organ: nose

Emotion:  Grief

Season:  Fall

Color:  White

Sound:  Weeping

Smell:  rotten

Flavor:  pungent/spicy

Tongue:  posterior tip


Where do the ZangFu show up on tongue?

  • tip = HT
  • behind tip = LU
  • center = ST/SP
  • sides = LV/GB
  • root = UB, KD, SI, LI
  • back = lower jiao
  • middle = middle jiao
  • front = upper jiao


Explain Blood Vessels in TCM

  • seen as a container for blood
  • indirectly related to KD Essence
  • transports blood, refined food essences, qi to body to nourish tissues


Stomach in TCM


  • with ST, root of post heaven essence
  • controls receiving
  • controls R&R
  • controls transporting food essences
  • controls descending qi
  • origin of fluids
  • determines coating on tongue
  • only Yang channel on anterior body
  • Sea of Food & Drink


What is Yang Qiao Mai?

  • aka Yang Stepping, Yang Heel, Yang Motility
  • absorbs excess yang in head (mania, agitation, bells, epilepsy, insomnia, etc)
  • controls closing eyes
  • influences outer mms of legs
  • offshoot of UB channel
  • tx lateral legs, back, neck, head, eyes, unilateral BP/sciatica


Small Intestine in TCM


  • controls receiving from ST and transforming
  • separates fluids
  • sends clear fluid to UB, dirty fluid to LI
  • influences mental clarity and understanding


What are the Extraordinary Organs?

  • 6 Yang Organs
  • function like yin organ (storing but not excreting)
  • shaped like yang organ (hollow - filling and discharging)
  • all are functionally related to KD
  1. Uterus
  2. Brain
  3. Marrow
  4. Bones
  5. Blood Vessels
  6. Gall Bladder


What are the Spirits associated with the ZangFu?

  • Shen = mind/spirit of HT, most subtle/non-material of vital substances, consciousness
  • Hun = Ethereal Soul of LV, leaves at death, responsible for life planning, goals, inspiration
  • Po = Corporeal Soul of LU, leaves body at death, formed at conception, responsible for feelings/sensation
  • Yi = Intellect of SP, memorization for work/study, prone to overwork/overstudy
  • Zhi = Willpower of KD, ability to follow thru, short term memory


What do the colors and coats on tongue mean?


  • yellow = heat
  • white = cold

Tongue Color:

  • red = heat
  • pale = blood/yang/qi deficiency
  • purple = blood stagnation


What are the correspondences to Earth?


Quality:  growing, reaping, sowing, balance

Cycles:  Earth creates Metal, Earth controls water, Earth insults Wood

ZangFu:  ST, SP

Sense Organ: mouth

Emotion:  Pensiveness/worry/anxiety

Season:  late season

Color:  Yellow

Sound:  singing

Smell:  fragrant

Flavor:  sweet

Tongue:  Center


What are Lower He Sea Points?

  • There are 6 Lower He Sea Points representing 3 Foot Yang and 3 Hand Yang Channels
  • Indicated for diseases of the 6 Bowels (Fu Organs)
  • ST (ST36), LI (ST37), SI (ST39), GB (GB34), UB (UB40), SJ (UB39)


Urinary Bladder in TCM


  • removes water by qi transformation
  • stores/excretes urine
  • receives energy from KD
  • associated with jealousy, grudges, suspicion


What are Minute Collaterals?

  • allow qi and blood to reach smallest areas of body


What are the 6 external evils?

wind, heat, summer heat, cold, dry, damp


Explain Marrow in TCM

  • produced by KD Essence and Post Heaven Qi
  • fills Brain, spinal cord and bones
  • forms bone marrow


What is KD Essence responsible for?

  • determines GROWTH, reproduction, ageing, fertility
  • basis of KD QI - KD yin/yang are basis for whole body
  • PRODUCES MARROW - fills bone, brain ("sea of marrow"), spinal cord
  • basis of CONSTITUTIONAL STRENGTH - supports Wei Qi
  • basis for THREE TREASURES ("San Bao") = Essence, Qi, Shen (most material to least)



What is the Ren Mai?

  • aka Conception Vessel
  • has own points
  • "Sea of Yin" - regulates all Yin Channels
  • originates in KD, flows thru Uterus to Ren1, up abdomen midline to face
  • tx reproduction, GYN, abdomen, thorax, lungs, throat, face


What are the yang organs?

  • Large Intestine
  • Stomach
  • Small Intestine
  • Gall Bladder
  • San Jiao
  • Gall Bladder


What are the Cutaneous Regions?

  • aka dermatomes
  • 12 regions overlaying network of channels
  • first line attacked by external pathogens
  • can manifest disorders of deeper channels
  • Blue = px, Red = heat, Pale = deficiency and cold
  • accessed thru massage, cupping


What is Food Qi?

Gu Qi

  • what we eat
  • rotted and ripened in ST
  • transformed in SP 
  • sent by SP to LU to combine with Da Qi to produce Zong Qi
  • sent by LU to HT to create blood with KI qi and Original Qi


What is Gathering Qi?

Zong Qi/Ancestral Qi/Chest Qi

  • created from Gu Qi and Da Qi (from SP & LU)
  • assists LU with controlling qi and breathing
  • assists HT to control blood and vessels
  • gathers in throat
  • influences speech (HT)
  • determines strength of voice (LU)
  • affected by emotions
  • flows downward to assist KD 
  • gathers in the chest = "sea of qi"


What are the Functions of Channels?

  • deep and connect internal organs
  • 12 Primary, 8 Extraordinary, 12 Divergent
  1. Transport Qi & Blood thru body
  2. Protect body - nourish internal, protect external from deeper invasion
  3. Treat Imbalances/disease in channel, organ, between channels, visible s/s
  4. Transmit Qi to diseased area via points


What are the directions of qi associated with ZangFu?

Lung - "lid", "canopy", decends

Liver - smooth flow in all directions

Kidney - decends (fluids) , ascends in relation to LU 

Spleen - upward (sends gu qi up to LU), holds organs in place

Stomach - downward

Heart - generally downward, but no related pathology




Explain Bones in TCM

  • structural framework of body
  • houses marrow
  • functionally related to KD


San Jiao in TCM


  • mobilizes Original Qi
  • controls transportation of qi
  • controls water passages and excretion of fluids
  • divides the body
  • communication center for whole body
  • Upper = from diaphragm up, "mist"
  • Middle = diaphragm to umbilicus, "muddy pool"
  • Lower = below umbilicus, "drainage ditch"


What is the Du Mai?

  • aka Governing Vessel
  • has own points
  • "Sea of Yang" - influences all yang channels
  • strengthens spine, tonifies KD yang/Ming Men
  • nourish brain/spinal cord
  • expels interior & exterior wind
  • originates at MingMen, down to perineum, Ren1, emerges at Du1, up spine, over head, to upper lip
  • tx external genitalia, back, spine, nape, head


What are the 2 types of Exterior Conditions?

1.  acute onset = Wind Cold

  • fever & aversion to cold
  • headaches/body aches
  • thin, white tongue coat
  • floating pulse

2.  chronic onset = Bi Syndrome

  • Cold Bi - one joint, relieved by heat
  • WInd Bi - px moves
  • Damp Bi - swelling in joints
  • Heat Bi - severe px, warm and swollen joints, relieved with ice


What are the 4 aspects of the Yin/Yang relationship?

  1. Opposition - opposite, nothing is totally yin or yang, constantly changing balance
  2. Interdependence - cannot exist without the other
  3. Mutual Consumption  - in constant balance and continuous adjustment
  4. Transformation - can transform into each other, cyclical


What are the correspondences to Fire?


Quality:  blazes upward

Cycles:  Fire creates Earth, fire controls metal, Fire insults wood

ZangFu:  HT, SI, PC, SJ

Sense Organ: tongue

Emotion:  Joy

Season:  Summer

Color:  Red

Sound:  laughing

Smell:  scortched

Flavor:  bitter

Tongue:  tip


What are the times when Qi is prevalent in an organ?

  • 3am-5am = LU
  • 5am-7am = LI
  • 7am-9am = ST
  • 9am-11am = SP
  • 11am-1pm = HT
  • 1pm-3pm = SI
  • 3pm-5pm = UB
  • 5pm-7pm = KD
  • 7pm-9pm = PC
  • 9pm-11pm = SJ
  • 11pm-1am = GB
  • 1am-3am = LV


What are the 6 Channel Pairs?

  • link a yin arm channel with a yin leg channel and yang arm channel with yang leg channel
  • each circuit goes from chest to hand to face to foot to chest
  1. LU - SP
  2. LI - ST
  3. HT - KD
  4. SI - UB
  5. PC - LV
  6. SJ - GB


What are the Fluid Pathologies?

  • Fluid Deficiency - dryness, yin deficiency from diet, fluid or blood loss
  • Edema - swelling, retention of fluid from Yang Def of Sp, KD, or LU (pitting and non pitting)
  • Phlegm - from SP Qi Def, extreme dampness, SP cant T&T fluids which causes accumulation, heaviness/dizziness


What are the signs/symptoms of Full Heat vs Empty Heat?

  • both have dry stools/constipation
  • both have yellow scanty urine

Full vs. Empty:

  • whole face red vs. malar flush
  • thirsty vs. small sips
  • heavy sweat vs night sweat/5 palm heat
  • rapid overflowing pulse vs rapid, floating, thready
  • thick yellow coat vs. no coat
  • pressure feels bad vs pressure feels good
  • bowels feel better after voiding vs. worse after
  • feel better after exertion vs. worse after


Where are the locations of pulses?

"Happy Little Kids, Little Smelly Kids"

  • back location = chi
  • middle location = guan
  • front location = cun

Right Side:

  • back = KD Yang/Ming Men
  • middle = SP/ST
  • front = LU/LI

Left Side:

  • back = KD Yin
  • middle = LV/GB
  • front = HT/SI



What is Essence?


  • pure, precious substance
  • most refined form
  • housed in KD

3 forms:

1.  Pre-Heaven/Pre-Natal Essence:  

  • present in the fetus
  • inherited
  • basic constitution, vitality, strength
  • fixed in quality and quantity
  • comes from KD ("root of pre-heaven essence")
  • physiological fire = Ming Men - generates yang
  • accumulates at Ren 4
  • foundation of Tian Gui (menstrual blood, sperm, ova)
  • men's essence flows in 8 year cycles
  • women's essence flows in 7 year cycles

2.  Post-Heaven/Post-Natal Essence:

  • diet - food and fluids
  • related to ST/SP = "root of post-heaven essence"

3.  Kidney Essence:

  • combination of pre and post heaven essence
  • maturation of pre-heaven essence at puberty
  • replenished by Post-Heaven essence


What is Upright Qi?

Zheng Qi

  • fighting part of defensive qi and constitution factors
  • used in relation to a pathogen


Explain the Brain in TCM

  • aka "Sea of Marrow"
  • controls memory, concentration, mental clarity, intelligence, sensory info
  • relies on KD Essence
  • relies on HT blood for nourishment


What are Window of the Sky Points?

  • regulate ascending and descending qi to and from head
  • most located on neck
  • indicated for throat or sense organ problems, rebellious qi
  • LU3, ST9, LI18, SJ16, UB10, Ren22, SI16, SI17, DU16, PC1


Body Fluids and their associated ZangFu

  • LU - regulates water passages, controls skin/pores, moistens, diffuses/descends fluids, upper water source
  • SP - T&T of fluid into pure and impure
  • KD - lower source of water, moistens LU, gives qi to UB for excretion, helps jiaos move fluid
  • SI - separates fluids into pure and impure
  • SJ - assists T&T and excretion of fluids (mist, muddy pool, drainage ditch)
  • ST - source of body fluid


Kidney in TCM


  • root of PreHeaven Qi
  • foundation for yin/yang of organs
  • stores essence
  • produces marrow
  • governs water - regulates urination, keeps LU moist
  • anchors descending qi from LU
  • opens to ears - low pitched tinnitus
  • spittle - thick
  • manifests in head hair
  • controls lower orifices
  • houses Zhi
  • controls Gate of Life (Ming Men)


Name the Channels from most superficial to deep

  1. Cutaneous region
  2. Minute Collaterals
  3. Sinew Channels
  4. Luo-Connective Channels
  5. Primary Channels
  6. Divergent Channels
  7. Extraordinary Channels
  8. Deep Pathways of Primary/Divergent


What is the Triple Burner?

San Jiao

  • not an actual organ
  • connects sections of the body

Upper:  LU/HT/PC

Middle:  SP/ST/LV/GB

Lower:  KI, UB, SI, LI


What are the 8 Principle Identification Patterns?

  • Interior - Exterior
  • Hot - Cold
  • Full (Excess) - Empty (Deficient)
  • Yang - Yin


What are the sign/symptoms of YaiYang Syndrome?

  • chills & fever simultaneously
  • aversion to cold
  • stagnation of wei during battle - not focusing on warming the exterior
  • body aches - occipital, back, neck - dull & achy, caused by wei stagnation
  • tongue is normal - pathogen is still on exterior
  • acute & short lived
  • superficial, floating pulse - wei is coming to surface to defend


Qualities of Yin

  • cooling
  • nourishing
  • calming
  • solid/dense
  • rest
  • night
  • contraction
  • Earth
  • sunset
  • darkness
  • moon
  • female
  • inferior
  • interior
  • Front
  • organs store pure essences
  • physical structure
  • quiet
  • wet
  • downward
  • medial
  • exhalation
  • right
  • bones
  • blood


What are the 5 Shu Points

  1. Jing Well - fullness below HT, irritability, mental disorders, restoring consciousness
  2. Ying Spring - heat, febrile disease
  3. Shu Stream - heaviness in body, px in joints (Bi)
  4. Jing River - cough, SOB, chills/fever, voice, throat
  5. He Sea - rebellious qi, ST and Intestinal problems

**all yin channels start with WOOD

**all yang channels start with METAL


What are the 2 types of Body Fluids?

Jin = fluids

  • thin, clear, watery
  • circulate with Wei Qi on exterior
  • controlled by LU
  • moisten and nourish skin and mms
  • component of blood

Ye = liquids

  • heavy, turbid, dense
  • circulate with Nutritive (Ying) Qi on interior
  • moistens joints
  • lubricates sense organs
  • controlled by SP & KD


Liver in TCM


  • stores blood at night
  • smooth flow of qi
  • houses Hun
  • nourishes sinews
  • manifests in nails
  • opens to eyes
  • affected by anger and wind
  • LV blood regulates menstruation and anchors Hun at night
  • ensures flow of bile
  • governs tears


What are the 4 Qi Pathologies?

  1. Qi Deficiency - depends on particular ZangFu s/s
  2. Qi Sinking/Collapse - severe Sp Qi Def = prolapse
  3. Qi Stagnation/Stasis - usually LV Qi Stag due to emotions, diet, trauma; dull, achy, unfixed px
  4. Qi Rebellion - wrong direction


What are the correspondences to Wood?


Quality:  can be bent and straightened, upward and outward movement

Cycles:  Wood creates fire, Wood controls Earth, Wood insults Metal

ZangFu:  LV, GB

Sense Organ: eyes

Emotion:  Anger, jealousy

Season:  Spring

Color:  Green/blue

Sound:  Shouting

Smell:  rancid

Flavor:  sour, acidic

Tongue:  sides


What is Nutritive Qi?

Ying Qi

  • interior
  • nourishes tissues/organs
  • closely related to blood, flows thru vessels
  • activated with Acu needles


What are the 6 stages of Wind Cold Invasion?

Progression of disease, most exterior to most interior:

  1. TaiYang - UB/SI - most yang/external, suseptible to invasion
  2. YangMing
  3. ShaoYang
  4. TaiYin
  5. ShaoYin
  6. JueYin


Explain GB as an Extraordinary Organ

  • unlike other yang organs in that it stores pure fluid (bile)
  • also does not deal with food, drink or waste products like other yang organs
  • acts as the "Judge" - affects ability to make decisions and gives courage to act


What are the 4 Methods of Diagnosis?

  • Inspection/Observation
  • Auscultation and Olfaction
  • Inquiring/Questioning
  • Palpation


What is Yin Qiao Mai?

  • aka Yin Stepping, Yin Heel, Yin Motility
  • first reservoir to absorb excess yin and yang
  • absorbs yin in abdomen (fluid retention)
  • controls opening of eyes, mm tone of inner legs
  • offshoot of KD channel


What is defensive qi?

Wei Qi

  • immunity, exterior, prevents "evils" from getting in
  • resides in the Cou Li space between skin and mms
  • yang in relation to Nutritive/Ying Qi  
  • under control of LU
  • warms, moistens, nourishes skin and mms
  • regulates sweating (opening/closing of pores)


What are Xi Cleft Points?

  • aka Accumulation Points
  • reflects excess or deficiency in channel
  • used for acute, painful conditions, esp excess
  • yin points used for bleeding problems
  • sharp/intense px/red/swollen = excess
  • dull/mild px/depression = deficiency


What is Yin Wei Mai?

  • aka Yin Linking Vessel
  • connects all yin channels
  • dominates interior body
  • nourishes blood and yin accompanied by psychological symptoms (anxiety, rumination, nightmares, etc)
  • tonifies HT


Gall Bladder in TCM


  • stores bile
  • one of 8 extraordinary organs
  • controlled decisiveness, capacity to make decisions, judge
  • helps control sinews
  • influences quality/length of sleep - waking early and unable to fall back asleep


What are the 6 Functions of Qi?

  1. Transforming:  change food and fluids into clear (yang) and turbid (yin) parts
  2. Transporting:  movement of substances thru body
  3. Holding: holds fluids and blood in their vessels (vs leakage)
  4. Raising:  Holds organs up (vs prolapse)
  5. Protecting: against external pathogens (Wei Qi, Upright Qi)
  6. Warming: yang/heat for all physiological processes


Pericardium in TCM


  • surrounds and protects heart
  • helps HT to govern blood and house mind
  • affected by heat
  • involves healthy relationships with others


Spleen in TCM


  • T&T
  • Ascending qi
  • controls blood in vessels
  • controls muscles and 4 limbs
  • opens to mouth
  • manifests in lips
  • houses the Yi
  • Affected by pensiveness/worry and dampness


What are Divergent Channels?

  • branch out from 12 Primary Channels
  • do not have their own points
  • make internal links not made by Primary to strengthen yin/yang relationships

Divergent Channels of Yang Primary Channels:

  • separate from primary on the limb
  • enter related ZangFu partner
  • resurface at supraclavicular fossa, neck, face and join Primary again

Divergent Channels of Yin Primary Channels:

  • separate from primary on limb
  • sometimes enter their own organ
  • intersect with yang partner divergent
  • join partner primary yang channel


Qualities of Yang

  • day
  • sunrise
  • exercise
  • summer
  • heat
  • activity
  • expansion
  • Heaven
  • male
  • light
  • transforms
  • protects/defends (Wei Qi)
  • movement
  • hollow
  • superior
  • exterior
  • back
  • head
  • digestion/excretion
  • function
  • sun
  • immaterial
  • dry
  • upward
  • lateral
  • inhalation
  • skin
  • qi


Heart in TCM


  • governs blood
  • controls vessels
  • houses shen (mind)
  • opens to tongue - color, form, appearance, esp tip
  • manifests in complexion esp face
  • related to joy
  • controls sweat
  • controls sense of taste
  • site of transformation of Gu Qi into blood
  • responsible for blood circulation
  • indirectly influences menstruation
  • controls speech, talking, laughing
  • affected by excessive/sudden joy, continuous mental stimulation, craving, heat


What are Sinew Channels

  • 12 associated with Primary pathways
  • circulate on periphery
  • do not penetrate ZangFu
  • follow lines of major mm groups
  • reflect problems or disease of Primary, or injured directly due to trauma or external pathogens
  • no points
  • accessed with superficial tx (cupping/moxa/tui na)


What are the Four Sea Points?

  • These points have a strong effect on their related system
  1. Sea of Marrow = Du16, Du20
  2. Sea of Blood = UB11, ST37, ST39
  3. Sea of Qi = Ren17, Du15, Du14, ST9
  4. Sea of Nutrition = ST30, ST36


What are Yuan Source Points?

  • points on each of 12 primary channles where source qi resides
  • tx disease in Zang - tonifies yin organs
  • palpate to identify excess or deficiency of Yuan qi in related organ

**on yin channels, same as Shu Stream pt

**on yang channels, pt just proximal to Shu Stream


What is the Insulting Cycle?

5 element theory

aka: Counteracting/Humiliated by, child insults grandmother

'Earth Insults Wood, Wood insults Metal..."


What are the 13 Ghost Points?

  • used for severe mental illenss ie manic depression, psychosis
  • LU11, LI11, ST6, SP1, UB62, PC7, PC8, Du26, Du16, Du23, Ren24, Ren1, Hai Quan, Yu Men


What are the 12 Primary Channels?

  1. Lung Channel of Hand Taiyin
  2. Large Intestine Channel of Hand YangMing
  3. Stomach Channel of Foot YangMing
  4. Spleen Channel of Foot Taiyin
  5. Heart Channel of Hand Shaoyin
  6. Small Intestine Channel of Hand TaiYang
  7. Urinary Bladder Channel of Foot TaiYang
  8. Kidney Channel of Foot Shaoyin
  9. Pericardium Channel of Hand Jueyin
  10. San Jiao Channel of Hand Shaoyang
  11. Gall Bladder Channel of Foot Shaoyang
  12. Liver Channel of Foot Jueyin


What are Luo-Connecting Channels?

  • 15 = from 12 Primary, GV, CV & Great Luo Connecting of SP
  • branch off of Primary and Extraordinary to more superficial
  • strengthen yin/yang pair connection


What are the pathologies of Blood?

  • Blood Deficiency - insomnia, scanty period
  • Blood Heat - reckless, LV Heat, skin diseases
  • Blood Stasis/Stag - sharp, stabbing, fixed px


What are the correspondences to Water in 5 element theory?


Quality:  moistens and flows downward

Cycles:  Water creates wood, controls fire, and insults earth

ZangFu:  KD & UB

Sense Organ: ears

Emotion:  Fear

Season:  Winter

Color:  Black

Sound:  groaning

Smell:  putrid

Flavor:  salty

Tongue:  Root


What are the Front Mu Points?

  • aka Alarm Points
  • on chest & abdomen where qi collects
  • may be palpated for tenderness indicating pathology in related organ
  • tx disorders of 6 Zang Organs
  1. LU = LU1
  2. LI = ST25
  3. ST = CV12
  4. SP = LV13
  5. HT = CV14
  6. SI = CV4
  7. UB = CV3
  8. KI = GB25
  9. PC = CV17
  10. SJ = CV5
  11. GB = GB24
  12. LV = LV14


What are the Back Shu Points?

  • located on Bladder channel, lateral to spine
  • one point for each associated ZangFu
  • used to diagnose and tx organ
  1. LU = UB13
  2. PC = UB14
  3. HT = UB15
  4. LV = UB18
  5. GB = UB19
  6. SP = UB20
  7. ST = UB21
  8. SJ = UB22
  9. KI = UB23
  10. LI = UB25
  11. SI = UB27
  12. UB = UB28


What are the 8 Confluent Points?

  • on Primary Channels
  • opens one of the 8 Extraordinary Vessels
  • usually needled in pairs with a "coupled point"
  1. Ren = LU7
  2. Du = SI3
  3. Chong = SP4
  4. Dai = GB41
  5. Yin Qiao = KI6
  6. Yang Qiao = UB62
  7. Yin Wei = PC6
  8. Yang Wei = SJ5


Explain the Uterus in TCM

  • aka Zi Bao
  • most important of 6 Extraordinary Yang Organs
  • regulates menstruation, conception, pregnancy
  • stores blood and fetus
  • discharges blood and baby
  • connected to HT via Uterus Vessel (Bao Mai)
  • connected to KD via Uterus Channel (Bao Luo)
  • relies on KD for Tian Gui
  • relies on LV for regulation of blood
  • relies on CV for qi and essence
  • relies on Chong Mai to provide blood
  • relies on GV for yang energy
  • HT and LV blood nourish Uterus and influence health of menses
  • corresponding structure in men = "Room of Essence" where sperm is stored (aka prostate)


What are the functions of blood in TCM?

  • dense qi
  • moved by qi
  • source = SP
  • stored in LV
  • governed and made by HT
  • nourishes and moistens (yin)
  • anchors the shen
  • held in vessels by SP
  • secondary support by KD
  • LU assists HT and moves blood with Qi
  • "Qi commands blood"
  • "Blood is mother of Qi"


What is the Chong Mai?

  • aka Penetrating Vessel
  • one of 8 Extraordinary Vessels
  • "Sea of Blood"
  • related to Uterus
  • controls all blood connecting channels
  • regulates Qi and Blood in 12 meridians
  • connect pre and post heaven qi
  • originates lower abdomen, emerges at Ren1, connects with SP/LV/KD at inner leg
  • tx GYN, abdominal, leg problems



What are the 8 Extraordinary Vessels?

  • only Conception (Ren) and Governing (Du) have their own points
  • act as reservoirs to absorb excess blood and qi from Primary, and can transfer back
  • Link 12 Primary Channels
  • Protect the body
  1. Penetrating Vessel = Chong Mai
  2. Conception Vessel = Ren Mai
  3. Governing Vessel = Du Mai
  4. Girdle Vessel = Dai Mai
  5. Yin Stepping Vessel = Yin Qiao Mai/Yin Heel/Yin Motility
  6. Yang Stepping Vessel = Yang Qiao Mai/Yang Heel/Yang Motility
  7. Yin Linking Vessel = Yin Wei Mai
  8. Yang Linking Vessel = Yang Wei Mai



What are Command Points?

  • 4 Command Points target a large area of the body, and demand it's attention
  • Abdomen (ST36), Back (UB40), Head/Nape (LU7), Face/Mouth (LI4)
  • Additional (modern) = Chest (PC6)


What are the 4 states of imbalance?

  1. Excess of Yin/Full Cold/Excess Cold
  2. Excess of Yang/Full Heat/Excess Heat
  3. Deficiency of Yin/Empty Heat/Consumption of Yin
  4. Deficiency of Yang/Empty Cold/Consumption of Yang


What is Original Qi?

Yuan Source Qi

  • foundation for all yin/yang energies
  • motive force - circulates body - functional activity
  • basis of KD Qi
  • Conduit of San Jiao
  • Facilitates transformation of blood - with Gu Qi
  • Facilitates transformation of Gathering/Zong Qi into True/Zhen Qi
  • accessed thru Source Points


What is Dai Mai?

  • aka Girdle Vessel
  • only horizontal vessel, circles abdomen like a belt
  • divides body to superior and inferior halves
  • related to LV, GB, KD, SP
  • harmonizes LV/GB
  • regulates circulation of qi in legs
  • tx abdomen, LB, hips


What are Luo Connecting Points?

  • point where primary channel splits to connect with yin/yang/int/ext pair
  • each channel has its own for Primary, Ren, Du, and 2 for SP
  • tx organ diseases and Luo channel diseases


Large Intestine in TCM


  • receives digested food and fluid from SI
  • absorbs some fluid and transforms into stools
  • downward movement
  • related to "letting go", not dwelling on past


What is the Creation Cycle?

aka: Generating, Mother/Child, Production, Promotion, Shen Cycle

"Every Man Wants Women Friends"

Earth - Metal - Water - Wood - Fire

'Earth creates Metal, Metal creates Water..."



What are the yin organs?

  • Lung
  • Spleen
  • Heart
  • Kidney
  • Pericardium
  • Liver


What is True Qi?

Zhen Qi

  • last stage of qi refinement
  • circulates in channels
  • nourishes organs
  • originates in LU
  • made of Ying Qi and Wei Qi


What are Influential Points?

  • aka "Hui Meeting" points
  • 8 influential points to target: Zang (LV13), Fu (Ren12), Qi (Ren17), Blood(UB17), Sinews (GB34), Marrow (GB39), Bones (UB11), Vessels (LU9)