Flashcards in Intro Lectures Deck (26)
What is pharmacology
The study of interactions of drugs with living systems
What is clinical pharmacology
The application of pharmacology principles to patients
What is pharmacy
The science of the preparation of drugs
What is toxicology
The study of poisons and their treatments
Study of drugs in different species
Veterinary clinical pharmacology
Clinical pharmacology applied to veterinary animal species
Evidence based medicine
Pharmacological principles based on valid, relevant research and clinical data
What is a Drug
Any substance which can affect a biological system.
What is pharmacokinetics
"What the animal does to the drug"
The movement of the drug in the body
What is pharmacodynamics
What the drug does to the animal
What are the therapeutic principles?
What is being treated
Does the issue need to be treated with a drug
How will the efficacy be monitored
What are the sources of drugs
(Mineral, virus, fungi, bacteria, plant, animal)
What are virus's used for in pharmacology
Virus or viral particles for vaccines
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus
Why are fungis used in pharmacology.
Side note- why did the fungi leave the cool party?
BECAUSE THERE WASNT MUSHROOM! Ahhh hahahaha
Antibiotics (pen G from p. Chrysogenum) (cephalosporin C from A chrysogenum)
(Griseofulvin from penicillium griseofulvum)
What is bacterias role in pharmacology
Bacitracin from bacillus subtilis
Polymixin from b. Polymyxa
Streptomycin from s. Gruseus
Gentamicin from micromonospora purpurea
Toxins (for toxoid production)
Tetanus toxin from clostridium tetani
What do plants provide for pharmacology
Active ingredients such as:
Tannins (2 ns= non nitrogenous)
Volatile (ethereal) oils (evaporate)
What are alkaloids
Compounds containing basic nitrogen atoms, insoluble in water, but the salts are soluble. Bitter taste, can be precipitated by acids. All of the "ine " suffixes
What are glycosides
Sugars combined with other organic structures. (Aglycone or genin)
What are gums
Polysaccharides excreted by certain trees.
Acacia gum from acacia sp.
Tragacanth from astralagus sp.
What are tannins. No this isn't slang for what you do at the beach!
(Non nitrogenous- tested over in vet prep).
Poly phenols that produce astringent effect (precipitate proteins).
-the component that dries the mouth in red wines
What are fixed oils
Oils that will NOT evaporate when exposed to air!
Cotton seed oil
What are volatile (ethereal) oils
Oils that WILL evaporate when exposed to air.
Resins are formed by polymerization of volatile oils.
Oil of Clove
How are resins formed
Polymerization of volatile oils
What animal products are used in pharmacology
What are semisynthetic drugs
Drugs from natural sources but undergo chemical treatment.