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Flashcards in Intro Test Deck (47)
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1

Anatomy

The study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts in relation to one another

2

Physiology

The study of how the body and its parts works or function

3

Superior

Towards the head

4

Inferior

Away from the head

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Anterior

Towards the FRONT of the body

6

Posterior

Toward the backside

7

Medial

Towards the midline

8

Lateral

Away from the midline

9

Intermediate

Between a medial and lateral structure

10

Proximal

Closer to the origin of the body or limb attachment point

11

Distal

Father from the origin of the body or limb attachment part

12

Superficial

Towards the body surface

13

Deep

Away from the body surface

14

Sagittal

Split into left and right sides

15

Frontal

Sliced like a bun

16

Transverse

Horizontally cut at the waist

17

Dorsal body cavities

Cranial and spinal cavity

18

Ventral body cavities

Thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic

19

What splits the thoracic and abdominal cavity?

The diaphram

20

Homeostatsis

The body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world is constantly changing

21

Negative feedback

the net effect of the response to the stimulus is to shut off the original stimulus or reduce its integrity

22

Positive feedback

increases the original disturbance and pushes the variable farther from its original value

23

Nervous system

Allows the body to respond to stimuli coming from both outside and inside the body

24

Endocrine system

controls long term signaling through the use of hormones

25

Cardiovascular system

carries oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and other substances to and from tissue cells where exchanges are made

26

Respiratory system

keeps the body constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

27

Digestive system

breaks down food and delivers the products to the blood for dispersal to the body cells

28

Excretory system

removes nitrogen-containing wastes from the body

29

Reproductive system

primary role is to produce offspring

30

Integumentary

the skin

waterproofs the body, regulates temp, protects, excretes salts and urea