Intro Test Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Intro Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro Test Deck (47):
1

Anatomy

The study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts in relation to one another

2

Physiology

The study of how the body and its parts works or function

3

Superior

Towards the head

4

Inferior

Away from the head

5

Anterior

Towards the FRONT of the body

6

Posterior

Toward the backside

7

Medial

Towards the midline

8

Lateral

Away from the midline

9

Intermediate

Between a medial and lateral structure

10

Proximal

Closer to the origin of the body or limb attachment point

11

Distal

Father from the origin of the body or limb attachment part

12

Superficial

Towards the body surface

13

Deep

Away from the body surface

14

Sagittal

Split into left and right sides

15

Frontal

Sliced like a bun

16

Transverse

Horizontally cut at the waist

17

Dorsal body cavities

Cranial and spinal cavity

18

Ventral body cavities

Thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic

19

What splits the thoracic and abdominal cavity?

The diaphram

20

Homeostatsis

The body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world is constantly changing

21

Negative feedback

the net effect of the response to the stimulus is to shut off the original stimulus or reduce its integrity

22

Positive feedback

increases the original disturbance and pushes the variable farther from its original value

23

Nervous system

Allows the body to respond to stimuli coming from both outside and inside the body

24

Endocrine system

controls long term signaling through the use of hormones

25

Cardiovascular system

carries oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and other substances to and from tissue cells where exchanges are made

26

Respiratory system

keeps the body constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

27

Digestive system

breaks down food and delivers the products to the blood for dispersal to the body cells

28

Excretory system

removes nitrogen-containing wastes from the body

29

Reproductive system

primary role is to produce offspring

30

Integumentary

the skin

waterproofs the body, regulates temp, protects, excretes salts and urea

31

Lymphatic

involved in immunity

returns leaked fluid from the blood to the blood vessels

32

What is the importance of maintaining boundaries?

The inside has to be separated from the outside.

33

Metabolism

the sum of total chemical reactions that occur in the body

34

Anabolism

the energy-requiring building phase of metabolism in which simple substances are combined to form complex substances

35

Catabolism

the process that breaks things down into simpler substances

36

Adrenal gland

controls the rate of metabolism

37

Adrenaline

the chief hormone of the adrenal medulla

fight or flight

38

Thryoid

main hormone produced by the thyroid gland

increases metabolism

39

BMR

basal metabolic rate

estimates how many calories you would burn per day if you did nothing

40

Graves disease

An immune disorder that occurs in the thyroid

thyroid overproduces hormones

anxiety, goiter, enlarged thyroid, weight loss

41

Exopthalmus

bulging of the eyes

42

Goiter

a benign enlargement of the thyroid gland

43

Cretinism

a severe thyroid deficiency in youth that leads to stunted physical and mental growth

44

Responsiveness

the ability to sense changes in the environment and then react to them

45

Absorption

essential part of digestion that allows food to truly enter the body

46

Sign

the appearance of a symptom

can be measured

ex: vomitting

47

Symptom

perceived by the patient

ex: nausea