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Flashcards in Introduction Deck (52):
0

Waste products: ______ and ______

creatinine
Blood Urea Nitrogen

1

Recommended cholesterol level in adults

<200 mg/dl

2

Clinical Chemistry provides information regarding _______ and _____ of a tissue, organ, or organ system.

function
integrity

3

Tubes without anticoagulant

Serum Separator Tubes

4

Substances with biological functions: _______ and _________

glucose
calcium

5

Forms an interface between the clot and the serum

Gel substance

6

Clinical Chemistry is the analysis of:

individual constituents
proteins
enzymes
nutrients
waste products
metabolites
hormones

7

Present in all tissues

Cholesterol

8

Range of values for a particular test from healthy individuals

Normal or Reference Values

9

Essential components of cells and body fluids

Proteins

10

Increased or decreased after eating: ____ and ____

Glucose
Triglycerides

11

Hypercalcemia (A) or Hypocalcemia (B):
Kidney disease
Parathyroidism
Acidosis
Bone malignancies
Hormone disorders
Hypoparathyroidism

B
A
A
A
A
B

12

Lytes influence:

Hydration
Acid-base balance
Osmotic pressure
pH
Heart and muscle contraction

13

Most common specimen for chemical analysis

Serum

14

Relationship of serum creatinine and kidney function

Inverse

15

Influence calcium

Vitamin D
Parathyroid hormone
Estrogen
Calcitonin

16

Indicators of cell damage and disease: ______ and _______

liver enzymes
cardiac enzymes

16

Transport substances in and out of the cells

Electrolytes

18

Hypocalcemia: ______

Tetany

19

Liver Enzyme...
Used to monitor patients recovering from hepatitis and cirrhosis
Increased in liver tumors
Increased in liver disease
Following heart attacks
Increased in heart attacks

GGT
ALP
AST, LD
LD
AST

20

Protein tests provide information about:

State of hydration
Nutrition
Liver function

21

T or F. AP is greatly increased in hepatitis.

F: It is moderately increased in hepatitis and greatly. Increased in liver tumors and lesions.

23

T or F. Hemolytic anemia increases iron levels.

True

24

Influence phosphorus: _____ and _____

Calcium
Certain hormones

24

Best test for overall kidney function

Serum creatinine

25

ALT

Alanine Aminotransferase

26

Functions of calcium: ____ and ____

Coagulation
Muscle contraction

27

Three Kidney Function Tests

Serum Creatinine
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Uric Acid

28

Surplus amino acids --> Urea

Blood Urea Nitrogen

30

AST

Asparate Aminotransferase

31

99% is in skeleton

Calcium

32

______: 20% in ______

Phosphorus
Energy compounds

34

Why is BUN not the best test for kidney function?

Because BUN is influenced by diet and hormones.

35

100x increase SGPT

Viral or toxic hepatitis

36

Increased uric acid is seen in: ____ and _____

Kidney disease
Radiation

38

ALP

Alkaline Phosphatase

39

Plasma proteins synthesized by the liver: ____, _____, and ______

Albumin
Lipoproteins
Coagulation proteins

40

Relationship of TSH and Thyroid Function

Inverse

41

What is total bilirubin?

It is the waste product of hemoglobin breakdown.

42

10x increase ALT: ____, ______, and ______

Cirrhosis
Infection
Tumors

43

95% of fat tissue

Triglycerides

44

Waste product of muscle metabolism

Serum Creatinine

44

Three factors that increase total bilirubin levels

Excessive RBC breakdown
Impaired liver function
Obstruction

45

Kidney stones: _______

Hypercalcemia

45

Liver is a storage site for: ____, _____, _____, etc.

Iron
Glycogen
Vitamins

46

Increased or Decreased BUN:
Kidney disease
Pregnancy
Steroids

Increased
Decreased
Increased

47

Clinical Chemistry tests measure:

substances with biological functions
non-functional metabolites
indicators of cell damage or disease
drugs or toxic substances

48

LD

Lactate Dehydrogenase

49

Monitor heart attacks

Creatine Kinase

50

GGT

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase

51

Nucleic acid breakdown products

Uric Acid

51

Determination of plasma glucose concentration

Glycosylated hemoglobin