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PTRS 705 - PT Interventions 2 > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (49)
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1

Types of Direct Interventions

-Exercise Prescriptions
-Manual Therapy
-Physical Agents
-Electrotherapy
-Wound management

2

Conduction Modalities

Ice massage, cold pack, hydrocollator, cold spray, ice immersion, contrast bath, cryokinetics, paraffin bath

3

Convection Modalities

Hot whirlpool, Cold whirlpool, Fluidotherapy

4

Radiation Modalities

Infrared lamps, Laser, Ultraviolet light

5

Conversion Modalities

Ultrasound, Diathermy

6

Thermal Modalities

Thermotherapy, Cryotherapy

7

Electromagnetic Modalities

Shortwave diathermy, Microwave diathermy, Infrared light, UV light, Laser

8

Electrical Modalities

Estim, Biofeedback, Iontonphoresis

9

Sound Modalities

Ultrasound

10

Mechanical Modalities

Intermittent compression, Massage, Traction

11

Thermal Therapies - Transmission of Temperature

Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Conversion

12

Conduction

Direct contact of body with heat or cold modality

13

Convection

Particles (air or water) move across the body, creating a temperature variation

14

Radiation

Transfer of head from a warmer source to a cooler source through a conducting medium such as infrared lamps transferring heat through air

15

Conversion

Converting one type of energy to a thermal energy

16

Risks of conducting thermal modalities

Ice and heat burns, exacerbate symptoms of pain

17

Cryotherapy characteristics (6)

-Greatest benefit in acute injury
-Lowers the temperature in the injured area
-Reduces the metabolic rate
-Promotes vasoconstriction
-Reduces pain, spasms, and spastic conditions
-Decreases local neural activity

18

Cold Therapy Indications

-Swelling
-Most effective if applied w/n 24 hours after injury
-Apply for less than 20 minutes w/o pressure

19

Cold Therapy Contraindications

-Impaired circulation
-Peripheral vascular disease
-Hypersensitivity to cold
-Infections

20

Thermo-Therapy characteristics (6)

-Beneficial for subacute and chronic conditions
-Raises temperature in the injured area
-Preferred treatment for pain and discomfort
-Promotes vasodilation
-Increases metabolic rate
-Increases local neural activity

21

Heat Therapy purpose

-Vasodilation
-Reduce pain
-Relax muscle, tendons and ligament

22

Will moist heat penetrate better?

Most likely

23

Contraindications for Heat Therapy

-Swelling, Arterial insufficiency or diabetes, open wound, stitches

24

Whirpool common uses

-Ankle fracture
-Plantar fasciitis
-Colles fracture
-Smith's fracture
-Ankle sprain
-Achilles tendon
-Tendon rupture
-Tendonitis
-Wound care

25

Whirlpool - Issues

-Swelling (due to dependent position)
- Cleaning agitators
-Not adaptable for home

26

Contrast Bath

- Moving b/w hot and cold water
- 1 min in cold and 3 min in hot for a total of 15 min.

27

Contrast Bath - Uses

-Used for subacute swelling, gravity-dependent swelling
-Vasodilation and constriction will occur
-Must exercise at end

28

Paraffin

-Treats chronic joint pain
-Relaxes stiff muscles
-Improves blood flow
-Helpful for chronic skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis
-Increases ROM for people with arthritis

29

What is Paraffin?

-Hot oil-based wax to provide 6xs heat of water bath
-Softens skin

30

Infrared Modalities - source of production

electrical current versus sound waves