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AA: Geography- Human Rights > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (7)
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1

Death penalty statistics (2014)

- China: at least 1,000
- Iran: at least 289
- Saudi Arabia: at least 90
- Iraq: at least 61
- USA: 35

2

Percentages of children (5-14 years old) in labour force

- Mali: 63%
- Burkina Faso: 47%
- Cambodia: 38%
- Bolivia: 20% (7-14 year olds)
- Guatemala: 15%
- Bangladesh: 13%
- India: 6% (7-14 year olds)

3

The declaration of Human Rights

The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights act was in 1948, following the second world war, and it consists of a preamble and 30 articles. The UK passed the laws as part of the human rights act in 1998, 50 years later

4

United Nations quote

"To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person."

5

Human rights summary

Human rights are rights that apply to all humans universally. They are inalienable, so regardless of what a person does or has done, they cannot have their human rights taken away from them. Examples of human rights include the right to live, the right to freedom of speech, and the right to freedom from torture and slavery. However, these rights are not enforced across the world, with many countries not abiding by them. The declaration of human rights was created in 1948 by the United Nations, and it is a list of thirty rights that every human should have. Some countries have put these rights into their law, but some countries fail to enforce them.

6

How are human rights enforced?

Some governments sign international treaties in order to enforce human rights- if they are signed then laws will be put in place in that country to enforce human rights, if they are not signed then no additional laws will be put in place

7

UN Convention on the Rights of a Child (UNCRC)

It is signed by governments worldwide, and is designed to change the ways in which children are viewed and treated