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DEMS: Unit IIb > Introduction to Dietary Guidelines > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to Dietary Guidelines Deck (10)
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1

Aims of US Dietary Guidelines (USDG)

  • To promote health and reduce risk of chronic disease
    • Including CV disease, obesity, diabetes, and cancer
  • In people over the age of 2

2

Development of USDG

  • Dietary recommendations have been issued for 100 years
  • USDA + DHHS joint guidelines issued in 1980
  • USDG reviewed and reissued every 5 years as coordinated and evidence-based set of recommendations

3

Key messages of the USDG (4)

  • Balance calories to manage weight
  • Food components to reduce
  • Foods and nutrients to increase
  • Be active your way

4

Balance Calories to Manage Weight: specifics

  • "Enjoy what you eat, just eat less of it"
  • Decrease calories and sedentary time, increase exercise
  • Maintain appropriate calorie balance

5

Food Components to Reduce: specifics

  • Reduce sodium intake to < 2300mg/day
    • < 1500mg/day in those over 51 y/o, African Americans, or pts with HTN, DM, chronic kidney disease
  • < 10% of calories from saturated fats
  • < 300mg/day of cholesterol
  • Limit trans fat, partially hydrogenated oils
  • Reduce solid fats and sugars
  • Limit refined grains
  • Enjoy alcohol in moderation
    • Males < 2 drinks/day
    • Females < 1 drink/day

6

Foods and Nutrients to Increase: specifics

  • Fruits and veggies
    • Quantity as well as variety
  • Whole grains
  • Low fat dairy products
  • Wide variety of protein foods including increased seafood
  • Replace solid fats with oils
  • Choose foods that are sources of potassium, fiber, calcium, vitamin D

7

Be Active Your Way: specifics

  • Increase frequency and variety of aerobic, strengthening, balance, and stretching activities
  • Even just 10 minutes of walking briskly can be helpful

8

Differences between current typical dietary patterns and US dietary guidelines

  • Too much:
    • Solid fats
    • Added sugars
    • Refined grains
    • Sodium
  • Caloric intake exceeds energy expenditure
  • Too few:
    • Green vegetables
    • Orange vegetables
    • Legumes
    • Whole grains
    • Fruits
    • Low fat dairy
    • Seafood
  • Only 6% of Americans achieve recommended target intake for vegetables in average day
  • Only 8% achieve recommended fruit intake
  • Only 18.8% of Americans consume < 2300mg/day of sodium

9

MyPlate relationship to USDG

  • Visual image
  • Simple messages, interactive tools + consumer information

10

3 benefits of diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat dairy, healthy oils

  1. Source of vitamins and minerals
  2. Decreased CV risk
  3. Happy bowels