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Area of biology that concerned with the process by which all living organism defense themselves against infection.
Study of any protection from any invading substances.

Immunology

1

Resistance to infectious agents

Immunity

2

Study of antigens and antibody in vitro.
Study of blood serum

Serology

3

Between hapten and ag with IG

Immunochemistry

4

Development of allergies and theories of complement

Immunobiology

5

Genetic control

Immunogenetics

6

Damage by immune system

Immunopathology

7

Blood banking or blood groups

Immunochematology

8

Main infection: is self/non self discrimination

Immune system

9

Ability of an organism to recognize and defend itself against specific pathogen or antigens; resistance to infectious agents

Immunity

10

Immunity an organism is born with

Natural/innate/genetic/non-specific

11

It function in the early stages of host defenses in response to any foreign substances referred to as antigen

Humoral Defenses/Anatomical/Cellular

12

Examples of autoimmune disease:

Multiple sclerosis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Systemic lupos erythematosus
Diabetes juvenile

13

Mechanical Factors

Skin, Mucus, saliva, tears

14

Chemical Factors
Can give growth to some bacteria

Fatty acids in sweat

15

Chemical factors
Can breakdown cell wall bacteria and destabilize bacterial membranes

Lysozymes and phospholipase

16

Chemical Factors
Prevent growth of bacteria

Low pH sweat and gastric secretions

17

Chemical Factors
Has an antimicrobial property

Defensins

18

Chemical Factor
Acts as opsonins; helps promote phagocytosis

Surfactants

19

Characterized by edema and phagocytic cells. Found in serum and site of infection

Humoral barriers to infection

20

Once activate can lead to increased vascular permeability, recruitment of phagocytic cells, lysis and opsonization of bacteria

Complement system

21

Contribute to the non-specific defenses because of their ability to increase vascular permeability and act as chemotactic agents for phagocytic cells.

Coagulation system

22

By binding iron; these protein limit bacterial growth.

Lactoferrin and transferrin

23

Limit virus replication cells

Interferons

24

Breaks down the cell of bacteria

Lysozyme

25

Cytokines that participate in the regulation of immune responses, inflammatory reactions and hematopoiesis

Interleukin 1 or IL-1

26

T-lymphocyte regulate the growth and differentiation of certain lymphopoietic and haemopoietic cells.

Interleukin -2 and -3 or IL2 and 3

27

Regulates eosinophil growth and activation and thus plays an important role in disease associated with increased levels of eosinophils, including asthma.

Interleukin 5

28

Essential role in the final differentiation of B cells into IG secreting cells, inducing myeloma/plasmacytoma growth, nerve cell differentiation and in hepatocytes, acute-phase reactant, activates resident lymphocytes and vascular endothelia.

Interleukin -6 or BSF-2 or interferon beta 2 or B cells stimulating factor -2

29

Is a cytokine that serves as a growth factor for early lymphoid cells, or both B and T cells lineages. Also helps interleukin 4 and 2

Interleukin 7 and 9