Flashcards in Introduction to Nutrition Care Process Deck (11):
Nutrition Care Process
a system for identifying, planning, and meeting the nutrition needs of an individual patient or client
Four Steps of the Nutrition Care Process
ADIM (Assessment, Diagnosis, Intervention, and Monitoring and Evaluation)
Determining who is at nutritional risk; identify those individuals who already have or potentially could have nutritional needs
Nutritional Screens should be:
1) Easy to understand 2) data obtained quickly and relevant 3) helps to initiate interventions early 4) cost-effective
Evaluation of many factors that influence or reflect nutritional health and nutrient requirements ; basis for identifying the nutritional needs and developing a plan to meet those needs.
Purpose of Nutritional Assessment
ADM (Accurately define individuals nutritional status, Determine the level of support the individual needs, Monitor changes in nutritional status and the effect of nutritional intervention)
Why are the elderly and sick most prone to malnutrition?
1) inadequate intake of nutrients 2) altered digestion and absorption 3) altered excretion of nutrients 4) higher metabolic needs due to stress of the illness of the body
illness begins hypermetabolism that robs nutrient reserves
person with ample nutrient reserves will use them to mount a strong response
if adaptation occurs, nutrient balances are gradually restored