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Flashcards in islam quiz Deck (41):
0

where was muhammad born

mecca

1

what type of religion is islam

monotheistic

2

what is the muslim god's name

allah

3

what is the muslim place of worship called

mosque

4

what is the islamic spiritual book called

the koran

5

what are the muslims prayer requirements

they need to pray at least 5 times a day facing mecca

6

what is ramadan

the holiest month of the islamic calender

7

who are the turks

nomads that came from central Asia in the early middle ages

8

where were the first places the turks spread

persia and western asia

9

what religion did the turks convert to

islam

10

what eventually happens to the turks

they spilt into smaller groups that are ruled by seljuk princes

11

what was one of the new groups that were very successful and who was their leader

the ottoman empire emerges lead by osman

12

what is a sultan

a king or prime minister type leader

13

who is the first sultan to take over for osman

orkhan

14

who were the gazis

a warrior group

15

who were the janissaries

they were christian children that were raised as slaves that grew up to become extreme muslims

16

who was the third sultan of the ottoman empire

murad

17

where did murad move the capital of the empire to during his rein

he moved the ottoman capital to adrianople in Thrace from brusa

18

who turned the ottomans back before they could conquer parts of europe

the mongols

19

what started islam in india

the conquest of delhi by muhammad of ghor

20

what happened after Muhammad's death

the "slave dynasty" started

21

who invades Delhi

tamerlne

22

what was tamerlanes nick-name

timmur the lame

23

who helped reestablish the mongol empire

tamerlane

24

what are some of tamerlanes accomplishments

- captured persia
- destroyed delhi government and wiped out its residents
- captured baghdad and attacked syria
- defeated the ottomans

25

what were the three most important Chinese dynasties

1) tang dynasty
2) sung dynasty
3) ming dynasty

26

what were some Chinese innovations

- magnetic compass
- paper currency
- movable type (printer)
- gun powder

27

who is the first leader of the mongol empire

genghis khan

28

what part of battle were the mongol warriors skilled in

they were great horsemen

29

what places did the mongols capture

Asia, Russia, and parts of central Europe

30

who was the grandson of genghis khan

kubai khan

31

what was the mongolian capital which is current day Beijing

khanbacik

32

what dynasty does the mongol empire start

the yuan dynasty

33

who do the mongols invite into the capital

king louis IX and some fransican friars

34

who were the three polos

Marco, Niccolo, and Mateo

35

who is the most important polo

marco polo

36

who is marco's dad

niccolo

37

who was marco's uncle

mateo

38

how did marco polo and kubai khan get along

they were good friends

39

what was the book about marco polos time in china called

the adventures of marco polo

40

when does the mongol empire start to slowly end

after kubai khans death