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Flashcards in Rome unit test Deck (75):
0

who were the two founders of rome

Romulus and Remus

1

who were the first kings of rome after romulus' rule

the Etruscan kings

2

who was the leader of the rebels that overthrew tarquin

Lucius Junius Brutus

3

what are the upper class romans called

Patricians

4

what are the lower class romans called

Plebians

5

what are quasters

quasters are patricians who are like judges

6

what is a consul

a consul was a roman leader during the time of the roman republic

7

how many consuls are there

2

8

who was the dictator the consuls called on when they were in bad times

Cinncinatus

9

what is cinncinatus when he is not stepping in as dictator

a patrician farmer

10

how many people made up the roman senate

300 patricians

11

what are the 12 tables

the 12 tables are laws that the roman senate made

12

what can the 12 tables be compared to

the U.S. constitution

13

how did plebians eventually get a say in the senate

10 tribunes (plebians) were selected to join the roman senate

14

how many men are in a legion

5,000

15

what was the dominant gender in roman society

male

16

who could be members of the roman army

only roman citizens

17

who could be a part of the roman calvery

upperclass roman citizens

18

why did rome have a census

for military and tax purposes

19

how many men are in a century

100

20

how many punic wars were there

3

21

who fought in the punic wars

rome vs. carthage

22

who is hannibals father

hamilcar barca

23

where did most of the fighting take place in the punic wars

north africa and sicily

24

why did the second punic war start

carthage invaded spain and rome didn't want carthage to gain more power

25

what city was carthage able to take from spain

saguntum

26

when was the battle of cannae

216 B.C.

27

who won the battle of cannae

carthage

28

who was the roman leader during the punic wars

consul varro

29

who was the commander of the roman army during the punic wars

scipio africanus

30

who won the battle of zama

rome

31

when was the battle of zama

202 B.C.

32

what was the shortest punic war

the 3rd war

33

what ended the punic wars

the battle of carthage ended the punic wars. rome inhilated all of carthage during this battle

34

what kind of religion did the romans have

polytheistic

35

who was the king of the roman gods

jupiter

36

who was the queen of the roman gods

juno

37

who was the roman god of war

mars

38

who was the roman god of the sea

neptune

39

who became the dictator of rome after the civil war

sulla

40

who fought against sulla's rule and got him to retire

marius

41

when did julius caesars father die

when julius was 15

42

who was in the first triumvirate

Julius Caesar, Crassus, and pompey

43

where is gaul

modern day france

44

who fought in the civil war

Caesar vs. Pompey

45

who did caesar become lovers with after the battle of zela

cleopatra

46

how many people did caesar change the senate to have

900

47

who assassinated julius caesar

Brutus and Cassius

48

who made up the second triumvirate

mark antony, octavian, and lepidus

49

what is an orater

a good public speaker

50

who fought in the battle of philippi

mark antony and octavian vs. Brutus and Cassius

51

how did brutus and cassius die

they both commited suicide before antony and octavian could kill them

52

who did mark antony marry to get octavian angery

octavia, Octavian's sister

53

who fought in the battle of actium

Octavian vs. Antony

54

where did the battle of actium take place

on the greek coast

55

what type of battle was actium

naval battle

56

what can you compare actium to

gettysburg

57

why did Octavian's army have the upper hand

because they were equipped with harpaxes on each ship

58

who was the victor of the battle of actium

octavian

59

what kind of snake did cleopatra use to kill herself

an asp

60

what was another name for octavian

augustus

61

what is the pax romana

a time of peace and prosperity during the roman empire

62

what are julian emporers

bad rulers

63

who was the "king of philosophy"

marcus aureilius

64

who wrote the meditations

marcus aurelilius

65

who was marcus aurelilius son

commodus

66

what type of philosopher was marcus aureilius

a stoic

67

what is a stoic philosopher

a reflective philosopher

68

who was aureilius' teacher

fronto

69

what language were the meditations written in

Greek

70

where did Caesar study philosophy

Rhodes

71

when does alexander die?

323 bc

72

who were the 3 philosophers?

socraties, plato, aristotle

73

what did ceasar do?

he was a dictator and part of the first triumvirate and a great military leader

74

who made the draconian code?

draco