Islamic Beliefs Flashcards Preview

GCSE AQA Religious Studies > Islamic Beliefs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islamic Beliefs Deck (20)
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1

What do Sunni Muslims believe?

One God,angels, holy texts, prophets, day of Judgement and supremacy of Allah's will

2

what do Shi'a Muslims believe?

One God, prophethood, Resurrection, imams and the justice of Allah

3

What or who is Allah?

Allah is the Arabic word for God.
Muslims have 99 'beautiful' names for Allah however they are more like qualities to help them understand His nature.

4

What is immanence?

Involved in the world
"He is with you wherever you may be" (57:4)

5

What is transcendence?

Beyond time and space
"Nothing is there like Him" (42:11)

6

What is omnipotence?

all-powerful

7

Allah is kind and forgiving

merciful

8

Who is Muhhamad (pbuh)?

All Muslims believe in him and he was the last chosen prophet of Allah.
he received the Qur'an and started the early Muslim community.

9

What is Makkah (Mecca)?

Muhammad set up this as the 'House Of Allah' for His worship

10

What created the divide between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims?

After Muhammad's death there was a power struggle and argument broke out over Leadership- passed down through his family line or should the leader be elected? this is how the divide happens?

11

Sunni- elected or family line?

Elected

12

Shi'a- family line or elected?

Muhammad's family line and are 10-15% of all Muslims in the world

13

What is the Qur'an?

The Qur'an is the ultimate book of guidance dictated to Muhammad by the angel Jibril. It has never been changed and supersedes other early holy books.

14

What is a Hadith?

Hadiths are the teachings of Muhammad

15

What is Sunnah?

Sunnah is the way of life of the prophet Muhammad

16

What is Akhirah?

All Muslims believe this and it is the Life After Death. They believe their actions determine whether they will have place in paradise. It is agreed that it is a place where Allah rules and is perfect.

17

What are tje five roots of Usul ad-Din?
(Shi'a)

Means the foundations of faith
Tawhid-oneness
Al-Ma'ad- day of judgement
Imammate- leadership
Nubuwwah- prophethood Muhammad was the final one
Adalat- justice of Allah however humans will be responsible for their actions good or bad

18

What is Risalah?

Belief in the prophets and the importance as messengers of God

19

Who is Adam the prophet?

Adam was the og caretaker of earth and he was taught evwrything by Allah
"Indeed i am going to set a vicegerent on earth" Qur'an 2:30

20

Who is Iblis

SATAN