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Flashcards in IV injection LO's Deck (5):
1

Indications for IV placement

Drug administration
IV hydration
Transfusions
Surgery
Emergency care

2

Contraindications to IV placement

Infections
Phlebitis
Sclerosed veins
Previous IV infiltration
Burns or other traumatic injury proximal to insertion site
Arteriovenous fistula of extremity
Surgical procedures affecting an extremity

3

Considerations to account for when selecting an IV site

Intended use
Accessibility
Patient age
Comfort
Urgency of situation

[upper extremities preferred because accessibility and less risk of complication — usually metacarpal veins, median antebrachial veins, cephalic veins, basilic veins]

4

Why is lower extremity less often chosen in adults?

Higher risk of thrombosis and embolism — this risk is lower in children

5

Risks associated with IV injection

Pain
Bleeding
Bruising
Infection
Extravasation (may lead to necrosis)
Phlebitis
Thrombosis
Embolism
Nerve damage