Flashcards in IX Secolo (800-900) Deck (18):
Vikings (from the North). Hungarians (East), Arabs (South)
Louis the Pious - his three Sons divide the kingdom
Born in Spain, debated once again in this century
Germanization of the Church
Church takes on Feudal from
Papal states grow through donations
"2nd iconoclasm" - Byzantine emperor blames fall to muslims on icons.
Eucharist (main theological theme of the century)
Two main lines of thought: 1.) realistic (Ambrose, Isidore) 2.) spiritual (Augustine)
Monk Godescalc at Fulda - influenced by polemical texts of Augustine on Grace.
monk Paschasius Radbertus of Corbie
De Corpore et Sanguine Domini ~ 833 AD - accidents of bread and wine have no real existence - overly realistic - - almost
Abbott of Fulda, Wrote the Veni Sancte Spiritus, disciple of Alcuin, priestly formation, involved in Eucharist debates
Amalarius of Metz (died 850)
De ecclesiasticis officiis - allegorical exaggerations of the Mass
John Scotus Eriugena (+877)
Works: De Praedestinatione, De divisione naturae, (also translator of Nyssa, Origen)
Condemned pantheist, stabbed to death by his students
John Scotus Eriugena
Walafrid Strabo (†849AD)
a disciple of Rabbanus Maurus, works: Glossa Ordinaria
Germanization of the Church:
Church structure takes on feudal form; hierarchy emphasized; birth of Canon Law from Old Roman Law and Germanic common law
– Sacralization of the Emperor:
Emperor and pope have divine mandate to secure the temporal and spiritual happiness of the people
theological questions around iconoclasm...
does the Mosaic Law still apply to graven images? Can any image truly represent Jesus' humanity and divinity without distorting one? Are icons a reversion to paganism?