XVII Secolo (1600-1700) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XVII Secolo (1600-1700) Deck (16):
1

17th century

The Great French Century

2

Descartes, Leibniz, Spinoza

rise of philosophical rationalism

3

beginning of separation between....

theology and philosophy;

4

Reviver of Thomism, but a Thomism in many respects quite far from Thomas.

- Francisco Suarez (1548-1617)

5

- St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621)

- emphasized the visibility of the Church. Gave an important definition:
- Church is the all the faithful together in unity of:
- faith: (vinculum symbolicum → munus docendi)
- sacraments: (vinculum liturgicum → munus santificandi)
- pastors: (vinculum hierarchicum → munus regendi)--key addition over previous ecclesial thinkers

6

Denys Petau (1583-1652)

- French Jesuit. Important historian of theology.

7

Jansenism

he movement originated in the heretical devotional environment of the pre-Tridentine reformers, who were not satisfied with the counter-reformation work, and thus restlessly sought a higher evangelical perfection. The Jansenists were also critical of the social changes of the modern world: the decadence of the nobility and the bourgeoisie, and the new secular, commercial realities.

8

Matteo Ricci

Italian Jesuit missionary to China, his astronomy skills got him into the imperial court (he was okay with ancestor worship)

9

Denys PETAU (1583-1652)

history of theology--the "founder" of our course

10

Quietism

Soul should not want to know whether he walks in God's will, or if the same will remain or not abandoned; and it is not necessary that it wants to know his state or his true nothingness; but must remain as a dead body.

11

Fenelon, Guyon

Condemned quietists (There is a habitual state of disinterested love of God who is pure love, into which the soul can enter. The soul in this contemplative life loses all sense of hope or fear. ) In 1699 Innocent XII condemned 23 propositions of Guyon.

12

In response to protestant slanderings of Catholic history...

- Cesare Baronio (1538-1607): Oratorian. Annales ecclesiastici, refocusing attention on the historical sources; a great critical accomplishment for the time.

13

- Louis XIV advocated an extreme political


Gallicanism

14

Louis XIV - 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715

Tried to end fuedalism, gain power over aristocracy in France

15

– layman, Jansenist. Wrote the Pensees

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662):

16

Franciscan priest. Wrote a work on nature and grace, in which he abandoned the concept of causality in favor of occasionalism. Opposed Aristotelian Scholasticism with a strict Augustinianism. Re-proposed the ontological argument of St. Anselm.

– Nicolas de Malebranche (1638-1715):