XVII Secolo (1600-1700) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XVII Secolo (1600-1700) Deck (16):

17th century

The Great French Century


Descartes, Leibniz, Spinoza

rise of philosophical rationalism


beginning of separation between....

theology and philosophy;


Reviver of Thomism, but a Thomism in many respects quite far from Thomas.

- Francisco Suarez (1548-1617)


- St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621)

- emphasized the visibility of the Church. Gave an important definition:
- Church is the all the faithful together in unity of:
- faith: (vinculum symbolicum → munus docendi)
- sacraments: (vinculum liturgicum → munus santificandi)
- pastors: (vinculum hierarchicum → munus regendi)--key addition over previous ecclesial thinkers


Denys Petau (1583-1652)

- French Jesuit. Important historian of theology.



he movement originated in the heretical devotional environment of the pre-Tridentine reformers, who were not satisfied with the counter-reformation work, and thus restlessly sought a higher evangelical perfection. The Jansenists were also critical of the social changes of the modern world: the decadence of the nobility and the bourgeoisie, and the new secular, commercial realities.


Matteo Ricci

Italian Jesuit missionary to China, his astronomy skills got him into the imperial court (he was okay with ancestor worship)


Denys PETAU (1583-1652)

history of theology--the "founder" of our course



Soul should not want to know whether he walks in God's will, or if the same will remain or not abandoned; and it is not necessary that it wants to know his state or his true nothingness; but must remain as a dead body.


Fenelon, Guyon

Condemned quietists (There is a habitual state of disinterested love of God who is pure love, into which the soul can enter. The soul in this contemplative life loses all sense of hope or fear. ) In 1699 Innocent XII condemned 23 propositions of Guyon.


In response to protestant slanderings of Catholic history...

- Cesare Baronio (1538-1607): Oratorian. Annales ecclesiastici, refocusing attention on the historical sources; a great critical accomplishment for the time.


- Louis XIV advocated an extreme political



Louis XIV - 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715

Tried to end fuedalism, gain power over aristocracy in France


– layman, Jansenist. Wrote the Pensees

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662):


Franciscan priest. Wrote a work on nature and grace, in which he abandoned the concept of causality in favor of occasionalism. Opposed Aristotelian Scholasticism with a strict Augustinianism. Re-proposed the ontological argument of St. Anselm.

– Nicolas de Malebranche (1638-1715):