XVIII Secolo (1700-1800) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XVIII Secolo (1700-1800) Deck (9):

18th Century

Enlightenment, St. Alphonsus Ligori, pastoral theology, manualism, end of Jansenism, Regalismo


Nature is separated from...



Tenets of the Enlightenment

against Tradition, Religion, denial of cosmocentrisim/theocentrisism, criticism of absolute monarchies


His theology was important throughout the 1700s, especially for opposing Jansenism.

 St. Alphonus Liguori (1696-1787)


He elevated the status of reason in moral theology, arguing that the method had to go beyond the pure appeals to authority of the “systems.”

 St. Alphonus Liguori (1696-1787)


 Birth of pastoral theology with the reform of ecclesiastical studies by...

the Empress Maria Teresa in 1774. The Austrian F.S. Rautenstrauch (1734-1785) is important in this regard


 Regalism among Catholic monarchs intensifies in this century.

Especially seen in anti-Jesuit sentiments.


 Febronianism

 Nikolas von Hontein (1701-1790) a German bishop, writing under the pseudonym Justinius Febronius, produces the work De state Ecclesiae et legitima potestate Romani Pontificis: a polemic for conciliarism, episcopalism, and regalism



Equiprobabilism demands that the opinion that favors freedom be equally or almost equally probable as the one favoring the law. furthermore one may apply this principle only when the doubt concerns the existence of a law, not in a doubt as to whether an existing law has ceased to bind or has been fulfilled. (Hardon