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Flashcards in Joint Air Tasking Cycle Deck (50)
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1

JATC references?

Organizational and operational requirements of the joint air tasking cycle are described in JP 3-30, FM 3-52.2, FM 3-60, and JP 3-60.

2

Describe the Planning to Execution of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle.

Stage 1: Objectives, Effects, and Guidance.
Stage 2: Target Development.
Stage 3: Weaponeering and Allocation.
Stage 4: Air Tasking Order Production and Dissemination.
Stage 5: Execution Planning and Force Execution.
Stage 6: Assessment.

3

Strategy Division Participants?

•Team Chief (SAMS, SAAS or SAASS graduates)
•Service components representatives
•CHECKMATE representation
•Intelligence representatives (targets, analysts, and collections)
•Judge Advocate
•Information Operations (IO)
•Joint Warfare Analysis Center (JWAC) representative
•Logistics
•Any other team or organization when required to obtain information

4

How does the ARMY impact this process?

Through the JFACC.

5

Joint Air Operations Planning flow.

Joint Force Mission -->
- Objectives and Comprehensive AOR and JOA Perspective -->
JFACC/JFC Staff Estimate of the Situation
- JFACC and/or JFC Staff Recommend COA, JFC Approves COA -->
Joint Air Operations Plan
- Supporting Plan, Area Air Defense Plan, Airspace Control Plan -->
JFACC’s Daily Guidance

This leads to:
Master Air Attack Plan and Supporting Orders
Joint Air Operations Order - Joint Air Tasking Order
Air Operations Directive – Airspace Control Order

6

Describe the timeframes involved with the ATO cycles.

72hrs total. Current time, -48 (pre-planned) and +12 (assessment).

7

What outputs (documents) are used by the JFACC’s to provide daily guidance?

Master Air Attack Plan and Supporting Orders
Joint Air Operations Order - Joint Air Tasking Order
Air Operations Directive – Airspace Control Order

8

What two targeting processes are adaptable through all stages of the joint air tasking cycle?

Joint Targeting Process
Army Targeting Process

9

Describe Stage 1.

Objectives, Effects, and Guidance

10

Describe the Strategy Division Inputs to Stage 1?

•JFC’s Guidance
•Components input (desired effects)
•Phase Directive (from JAOP)
–JFACC intent for the phase
–Operational concept for the phase
•Prioritized operational objectives
•Tactical objectives
•Tactical tasks, MOEs
•Estimated effort
•JFACC guidance for this ATO

11

Describe the Strategy Division Concentration to Stage 1?

•Long-range and near-term planning of joint air operations
•Near-term planning for space, cyberspace, and information operations in coordination with joint air operations
•Key documents for locating strategy activities:
–Joint air operations plan
–Air operations directive
–Operational assessment report

12

What is Air Apportionment Mission Priority?

Apportionment (air). The determination and assignment of the total expected effort by percentage and/or by priority that should be devoted to the various air operations for a given period of time. Also called air apportionment. (JP 1-02)

•The JFACC will allocate sufficient air power to produce these prioritized effects by the time specified (see example):
-Gain air superiority NLT D+3
-Support the culmination of CA ground offensive short of PL Indigo
-Support CFMCC in establishing maritime superiority
-On order destroy CA’s chemical delivery means

13

Describe the Air Operations Directive (AOD) Purpose.

•Articulate the JFACC daily guidance for the joint air tasking order (ATO) development
•Ensure joint aerospace and information operations effectively support joint force objectives
•Retain flexibility to adjust to the dynamics of the range of military operations

14

What should the JFACC provide to the staff for joint air operations to achieve the JFC’s intent?

Objectives, effects, and guidance.

15

Strategy activities are primarily found in what documents?

–Joint air operations plan
–Air operations directive
–Operational assessment report

16

Describe Stage 2.

Target Development

17

Strategy Guidance Target Effects Team works "Target Development" to develop the what?

JIPTL

18

What can provide input to the Targeting Effects Team (TET)?

•Weather and intelligence assessment briefings
•JFC objectives, apportionment, and guidance
•JFACC objectives, tasks, measures of effectiveness and combat assessment criteria
•Targets nominations
•Component inputs (i.e., AIRSUPREQ)

19

Describe the Targeting Effects Team’s (TET) Process.

•Understand JFACC’s intent, air objectives and tasks (AOD)
•Prioritize tactical tasks (if not in strategy)
•Ensure target nominations associated with task(s)
•Prioritize targets based on prioritized tasks then
•(If necessary) prioritize targets based on A, B, C method
•Produce Draft Joint Integrated Prioritized Target List (JIPTL)
•Assess apportionment recommendation requirements
•Provide targeting guidance to MAAP team

20

What can be the Origin of Nominated Targets?

•Components nominate targets using:
–Target Information Report (TGTINFOREP)
–AIRSUPREQ
–By other JFC designated means
•President
•Secretary of Defense
•Combatant Commanders
•Intelligence recommendations
•Electronic Warfare / IO inputs
•Air Component (generates targets in AOC)
•Other (AADC, Space)

21

Describe Draft JIPTL Development.

•Ensure targets link to tactical tasks
•Two levels of prioritization
–Targets prioritized from highest to lowest tactical tasks
–Targets prioritized from Category A (highest) to Category C (lowest) importance with tactical tasks

22

Describe the technique for Prioritizing Targets on the JIPTL.

Priority A (highest): This target MUST BE ATTACKED on this ATO because:
–Absolutely essential for mission success
–Crucial to overall success of the campaign
–Has immediate and compelling effects
–If not targeted, negative consequences may jeopardize future operations

Priority B: This target NEEDS TO BE ATTACKED on this ATO because:
–Substantial impact on the battle-not critical to today’s success
–Synergistic effects this target provides may not be realized in the future
–If not targeted on this ATO, a significant level of effort may be required later
–If not targeted, negative consequences may hamper future operations

Priority C: We would like to have this target attacked on the ATO because:
–Its effects are desirable-not critical to tomorrow’s mission success
–Furthers the success of campaign plans
–It will eventually require targeting due to future plans
–Negative consequences may impede future operations

23

Combat Assessments? (Review this one)

BDA, AMMO, and RE-ATTACK requirements.

24

What are the Targeting Effects Team’s (TET) Outputs?

•The primary output of the TET Team – draft JIPTL
–Ensure targets produce or help produce an effect(s) traceable back to the JFC’s guidance
–Team consensus desired – not required
–The draft JIPTL goes to JFC (or designated representative) for approval
•Targeting employment guidance (examples TLAMS(Tomahawk), IW, B-2)
•Assess need to change apportionment (if not done in Strategy Division)

25

How does the Strategy division plans team assist JFACC?

Strategy division plans team assists JFACC in drafting guidance in the AOD.

26

What is the purpose of the AOD?

Purpose of the AOD is to guide planning, execution and assessment of a given ATO to meet JFC’s objectives and guidance
–Contains ATO end state
–Prioritized objectives and tasks

27

What product is produced once approved by the JFC or designated representative?

Draft JIPTL

28

Describe Stage 3.

Weaponeering and Allocation

29

Describe what is addressed in the Master Air Attack Plan (MAAP) Meeting.

•Weather brief
•Electronic Order of Battle (EOB) brief
•Logistics brief
•Battlefield Coordination Detachment brief
–Projected Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL) Forward Edge of Battle Area (FEBA)
–Mobile targets and kill boxes
–Projected ground scheme of maneuver
•Other component briefs
•TET (GAT) Rep or ATO Folder Rep brief
•Combat operations and EOB briefs
•TST procedures
•Produce the Air Battle Plan / MAAP

30

Who attends the MAAP meeting?

•MAAP Chief & Deputy
•Counterair
•Counterland (CAS & AI)
•Airlift
•Counterspace
•Tanker
•C2 / IO
•CSAR
•Coalition
•Special Ops
•Countersea
•Component Reps
•Airspace
•Tactical Deception
•Space
•JAG
•Logistics
•Weather
•ISR
•Special Technical Operations
**Many planners (weapons experts) will be augmentees.