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Flashcards in Kaplan Deck (52)
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1

anomaly

noun – something that is unusual or unexpected
The student’s poor performance on the latest test was an anomaly since she had previously earned excellent grades.

2

equivocal

adj. – not easily understood or explained
Politicians have been known to provide equivocal answers to reporters’ questions.

3

lucid

adj. – very clear and easy to understand
The lecture was lucid and straightforward, allowing the students to fully grasp the concepts presented.

4

precipitate

verb – to cause (something) to happen quickly or suddenly
Unforeseen costs can precipitate a budget crisis.

5

assuage

verb – to make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense
A massage can assuage the soreness in your muscles.

6

erudite

adj. – having or showing great knowledge
High school students often struggle with novels that are more erudite than they are entertaining.

7

opaque

adj. – not able to be seen through; not easily understood
Medical jargon includes many opaque terms like macrosomic, which describes a newborn who weighs more than 4,000 grams.

8

prodigal

adj. – wastefully extravagant
The prodigal prince bought lavish gifts and planned expensive events.

9

enigma

noun – a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand
Scientists continue to research cancer to solve the enigma of its primary cause, which will hopefully lead to a cure.

10

fervid

adj. – intensely enthusiastic or passionate
The child showed a fervid fascination for superheroes, pouring over comic books for hours.

11

placate

verb – to make (someone) less angry or hostile
A parent may decide to placate a baby with a pacifier.

12

zeal

noun – a strong feel of interest and enthusiasm that makes someone very eager or determined to do something
The great emperor’s crusading zeal led him to conquer many lands.

13

abstain

verb – to restrain oneself for doing or enjoying something
Doctors encourage their patients to abstain from smoking cigarettes.

14

audacious

adj. – a willingness to take bold risks / adj. – showing a lack of respect
The new CEO pursued audacious initiatives to save the company from bankruptcy. / The student’s audacious remark earned her a seat in afternoon detention.

15

desiccate

verb – remove the moisture from (something)
The heat and energy from the sun can desiccate even the most hearty plants.

16

gullible

adj. – easily persuaded to believe something
The gullible little boy gave his older sister all of his allowance because she told him she would buy a pony for him.

17

laudable

adj. – deserving praise and commendation
Providing affordable healthcare for all citizens is a laudable goal.

18

pedant

noun – a person who makes an excessive display of learning
Professor Blackwell, a well-known pedant, required his pre-med students to speak in Latin throughout the entire semester.

19

vacillate

verb – to waver between different opinions or actions
Undergraduate students often vacillate among various majors before deciding which degree to pursue.

20

adulterate

verb – to make (something) impure or weaker by adding something of inferior quality
Many chefs use fresh produce and refuse to adulterate their dishes with canned ingredients.

21

capricious

adj. – given to sudden changes of mood or behavior
The capricious supervisor would hand out raises one day and fire his entire staff the next.

22

engender

verb – to produce, cause, or give rise to (something)
Political debates can engender controversy regarding the subjects discussed.

23

homogeneous

adj. – of the same or similar kind
There are very few truly homogenous cultures since social diversity is increasingly widespread.

24

loquacious

adj. – tending to talk a great deal
The loquacious professor was known for his five-hour lectures.

25

pragmatic

adj. – dealing with the problems that exist in a reasonable and logical way instead of depending on theories
A pragmatic approach to legislation can be difficult given the complexities of politics.

26

volatile

adj. – likely to change rapidly and unpredictably
It is possible for a country’s political climate to remain volatile for decades.

27

apathy

noun – lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
Political parties try to engage young voters who are more prone to apathy than older citizens.

28

corroborate

verb – to confirm or make more certain
The scientist was able to corroborate his hypothesis with data gathered from multiple sources.

29

ephemeral

adj. – lasting for a very short time
An ephemeral moment of victory may last mere seconds, but it can remain as a triumphant memory for decades.

30

laconic

adj. – using few words
The student’s laconic response suggested that she did not know very much about the topic the professor was discussing.