Flashcards in Word groups 1 Deck (57)
to make a book, play, or piece of writing shorter by removing details and information that is not important:
The book was abridged for children.
a short but complete account of a particular subject, especially in the form of a book (резюме, конспект, краткое содержание):
the Gardener's Compendium
quick and probably not detailed:
a cursory glance/look
a cursory examination
to stop something before it is finished, or to reduce or limit something:
to curtail your holiday/spending
With all the snow, our daily walks have been severely curtailed.
(a plan showing) the subjects or books to be studied in a particular course, especially a course that leads to an exam:
Which novels are on the syllabus this year?
a short description of the contents of something such as a film or book
using few words, sometimes in a way that seems rude or unfriendly:
""Are you feeling any better?"" ""No!"" was the terse reply.
The project is coming on apace (= advancing quickly).
sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant:
an abrupt change/movement
Our conversation came to an abrupt end when George burst into the room.
The road ended in an abrupt (= sudden and very steep) slope down to the sea.
with great speed or without thinking:
The car skidded and plunged headlong over the cliff.
In the headlong rush to buy houses, many people got into debt.
1. likely to do something suddenly, without considering the results of your actions:
He's so impetuous - why can't he think things over before he rushes into them?
2. said or done suddenly, without considering the likely results:
The governor may now be regretting her impetuous promise to reduce unemployment by half.
formal to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected:
An invasion would certainly precipitate a political crisis.
Fear of losing her job precipitated (= suddenly forced) her into action.
expressing severe criticism of someone (язвительный)
to help or encourage someone to do something wrong or illegal:
His accountant had aided and abetted him in the fraud.
to publicly support or suggest an idea, development, or way of doing something:
[ + -ing verb ] She advocates taking a more long-term view.
He advocates the return of capital punishment.
providing support or help:
an ancillary role
Campaigning to change government policy is ancillary to the charity's direct relief work.
to support or improve something or make it stronger:
More money is needed to bolster the industry.
She tried to bolster my confidence/morale (= encourage me and make me feel stronger) by telling me that I had a special talent.
They need to do something to bolster their image.
to add proof to an account, statement, idea, etc. with new information:
Recent research seems to corroborate his theory.
the appearance or expression of someone's face (самообладание):
He was of noble countenance.
to become involved with or support an activity or opinion:
Vegetarianism is one cause she does not espouse.
the mainstay of sth (главная опора)
the most important part of something, providing support for everything else:
Cattle farming is the mainstay of the country's economy.
The white blouse will be the mainstay of your wardrobe this summer.
(the act of making) a statement about someone that is not true and is intended to damage the reputation of that person (клевета):
He was subjected to the most vicious calumny, but he never complained and never sued.
very generous with money (необычайно щедрый):
A former student has donated a munificent sum of money to the college.
a person who speaks publicly in support of a particular idea or plan of action:
He is one of the leading proponents of capital punishment.
loyal, especially for a long time; able to be trusted:
She has been a stalwart supporter of the party for many years.
During this freezing weather, the food put out by householders is the only form of sustenance that the birds have.
2. the ability of food to provide people and animals with what they need to make them strong and healthy (средства к существованию):
A stick of celery does not provide much sustenance.
very ordinary and therefore not interesting:
Mundane matters such as paying bills and shopping for food do not interest her.
1. relating to an illness, caused by too much bile, that can cause vomiting (желчный):
She suffered from bilious attacks.
2. formal If someone is bilious, they are always in a bad mood:
a bilious old man
3. extremely unpleasant:
His shirt was a bilious shade of green.
in high dudgeon (с глубоким возмущением)
If you do something in high dudgeon, you do it angrily, usually because of the way you have been treated:
After waiting an hour, he drove off in high dudgeon.