Key Area 2.3 - Rural Areas Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Area 2.3 - Rural Areas Deck (16)
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1

Pastoral farming

Rearing of animals for meat and other animal produce

2

Intensive farming

High amount of labour, money and technology in a small area for high yields

3

Extensive farming

Low input of labour, money and technology in a large area for low yields

4

Commercial farming

Produce for sale and profit

5

Subsistence farming

Produces food for the farmer, small amounts will be sold

6

Sedentary farming

Farming in a fixed location

7

Changes in the Great Plains

More subsidies
High standard of living for farmers
High production rates
More pastoral farms
Drought
Increased farm size
Use of technology
More people moving to the city
Diversification

8

Disadvantages of Biofuels

Increased demand for crops
Increases food prices
Corn requires a lot of water
Requires fertilisers

9

Advantages of biofuels

Saves money on shipping fuel
Farming jobs created
Farming is profitable
Reduces global warming

10

Disadvantages of GM crops

Can harm people's health
Very expensive for farmers
Crops entering the food chain can damage it

11

Advantages of GM crops

Tolerate harsh weather
Resistant to bugs and pests
Higher yields

12

Disadvantages of Organic Farming

More expensive
Creates jobs
Time consuming

13

Advantages of Organic Farming

Tastes better
Less intake of chemicals
Substainable
Less pollution
No need to buy pesticides and fertilisers

14

What are some of the impacts of new technology

More machinery
Loss of jobs
Reduction of population in rural areas
Larger farms to cope with machinery
Farms sharing machinery
New use of fertilisers and pesticides
New GM crops
Roads and railways upgraded

15

What is the green revolution

Adds to the tourist industry
Holiday homes
Camping/ Caravan sites
B and B's

16

Arable farming

Growing of crops