Flashcards in Key Area 4-Animal Welfare Deck (10):
What is animal welfare?
Ensuring animals are reared in appropriate conditions
What should you consider for animal welfare?
•costs- housing, bedding, medicine, feed
•benefits- increased yield, successful breeding
•ethics- freedom from pain and stress
What are the five freedoms of animals?
~hunger and thirst
~fear and distress
~pain, injury and disease
~expression of abnormal behaviour
What are four behavioural indicators that an animal has bad welfare?
Stereotypy: behavioural pattern repetitive movements (linked to being in bare, confined spaces)
Misdirected behaviour: misdirected behaviour when in isolated environments
Sexual/parental behaviour: not reproducing at all or not giving proper care to their young
Level of activity: hyper-aggression or excessive sleeping
What is ethology?
The study of animal behaviour through observing animals in natural and semi-natural surroundings
What can information from ethograms show?
They allow scientists to form a hypothesis and animal welfare rules to be made
What is a preference test?
A tests set up to give an animal a choice of two conditions to see which one it favours
What is motivation?
A behaviour that drives animals to satisfy a basic need
What happens if an animals basic needs are met?
They lack motivation