Key Area 4-Animal Welfare Flashcards Preview

Biology: Unit 3 > Key Area 4-Animal Welfare > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Area 4-Animal Welfare Deck (10):
1

What is animal welfare?

Ensuring animals are reared in appropriate conditions

2

What should you consider for animal welfare?

•costs- housing, bedding, medicine, feed
•benefits- increased yield, successful breeding
•ethics- freedom from pain and stress

3

What are the five freedoms of animals?

Freedom from:
~hunger and thirst
~discomfort
~fear and distress
~pain, injury and disease
~expression of abnormal behaviour

4

What are four behavioural indicators that an animal has bad welfare?

Stereotypy: behavioural pattern repetitive movements (linked to being in bare, confined spaces)
Misdirected behaviour: misdirected behaviour when in isolated environments
Sexual/parental behaviour: not reproducing at all or not giving proper care to their young
Level of activity: hyper-aggression or excessive sleeping

5

What is ethology?

The study of animal behaviour through observing animals in natural and semi-natural surroundings

6

What can information from ethograms show?

They allow scientists to form a hypothesis and animal welfare rules to be made

7

What is a preference test?

A tests set up to give an animal a choice of two conditions to see which one it favours

8

What is motivation?

A behaviour that drives animals to satisfy a basic need

9

What happens if an animals basic needs are met?

They lack motivation

10

How can preference tests measure an animals motivational needs?

You can see which of two choices it favours and whichever it favours it has motivation for