Flashcards in Key Area 5-Symbiosis Deck (10):
What is a symbiotic relationship?
A coevolved intimate relationship between members of different species
What is a parasite?
An organism that depends on another organism in order to gain nutrition
How is parasites’ metabolism?
Parasites have limited metabolism which results in them being unable to process food on their own
What are the three ways a parasite can be transmitted?
-direst contact (headlice)
-release of resistant stages that are able to survive adverse conditions
-use of a vector
What is a secondary host and what is it’s advantage?
Plays a role in a parasites indirect lifecycle
-increases the chance of the parasite being spread
How is the host effected by the parasite?
Host is negatively impacted by parasitism
What is mutualism?
Mutualism refers to the symbiotic relationship between species which is beneficial to both species
Describe cellulose-digesting bacteria in herbivore gut
Herbivores lack cellulose digesting enzyme but have chambers in the but that contain cellulose digesting microorganisms. The microbes provide the enzyme for digesting cellulose and the microbes gain protection, warmth and a constant food supply (mutualistic relationship)
Describe photosynthetic algae in coral polyps
Coral polyps can’t move and feed on microorganisms in sea water. They formed a mutualistic relationship with algae zooxanthella which lives between its cells where polyp gains as much as 80% of carbs made by the algae and algae gin a secure habitat and supply of the polyps waste which they convert into protein