Key Associations Flashcards Preview

First Aid Rapid Review > Key Associations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Associations Deck (134)
Loading flashcards...
1

Actinic (solar) keratosis

Precursor to squamous cell carcinoma

2

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

Cushing's ulcer (increased ICP stimulates vagal gastric secretion)

3

Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns

Curling's ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)

4

Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon

Skip lesions (Crohn's disease)

5

Aneurysm, dissecting

Hypertension

6

Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta

Atherosclerosis

7

Aortic aneurysm, ascending

Marfan's syndrome (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)

8

Atrophy of the mammillary bodies

Wernicke's encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, and confusion)

9

Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)

Sickle cell anemia (HbS)

10

Bacteria associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and stomach cancer

H. pylori

11

Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)

Neisseria meningitidis

12

Bacterial meningitis (newborns and kids)

Group B streptococcus (newborns), S. pneumoniae/Neisseria meningitidis (kids)

13

Benign melanocytic nevus

Spitz nevus (most common in first two decades)

14

Bleeding disorder with Gplb deficiency

Bernard-Soulier disease (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand's factor)

15

Brain tumor (adults)

Supratentorial: mets > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) >meningioma> schwannoma

16

Brain tumor (kids)

Infratentorial: medulloblastoma (cerebellum) or supratentorial : craniopharyngioma (cerebrum)

17

Breast cancer

Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the United States, l in 9 women will develop breast cancer)

18

Breast mass

1. Fibrocystic change 2. Carcinoma (in postmenopausal women)

19

Breast tumor (benign)

Fibroadenoma

20

Cardiac primary tumor (kids)

Rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis

21

Cardiac manifestation of lupus

Libman-Sacks endocarditis (nonbacterial, affecting both sides of mitral valve)

22

Cardiac tumor (adults)

1. Metastasis 2. Primary myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; "ball and valve")

23

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Chiari malformation (often presents with progressive hydrocephalus or syringomyelia)

24

Chronic arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)

25

Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause perniciousanemia)

26

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina

DES exposure in utero

27

Compression fracture

Osteoporosis (type I : postmenopausal woman; type II: elderly man or woman)

28

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension

21-hydroxylase deficiency

29

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD

30

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

Dubin-Johnson syndrome (inability of hepatocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)