Key Terms 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms 4 Deck (21):
1

Checks and Balances

The provisions in the U.S Constitution that prevent any branch of the U.S government from dominating the other two branches

2

Congress

National legislative branch; made up of House of Reps. and Senate

3

Senate

Upper house of the national legislature

4

House of Reprensentatives

Lower House of the National legislature

5

Bill of Rights

The first amendments to the U.S Constitution, added in 1791 and consisting of a formal list of citizen’s rights and freedom

6

Republic

A government in which the citizens rule through elected representatives

7

Articles of Confederation

A document, adopted by the second Continental Congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781 that outlined the form of governments and homeless people-thus earning them their name

8

Federalism

A political system in which a national government and constituent units, such as state governments share power

9

Common Sense

a pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published in 1776, that called for separation of the colonies from Britain

10

John Locke

English philosopher who believed people had natural rights to life, liberty, and property.

11

Triangular Trade

The transatlantic system of trade in which goods and people, including slaves were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies and the colonies in North America

12

Middle Passage

The voyage that brought enslaved africans to the West Indies and later to North Carolina.

13

Enlightenment

An 18th Century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge

14

French and Indian War

A conflict in North America lasting from 1754 to 1763, that was a part of a worldwide struggle between France and Britain that ended with the defeat of France and the Transfer of French Canada to Britain

15

Proclamation of 1763

an order in which Britain prohibited its American Colonists from setting west of the Appalachian Mountains

16

Jamestown

First permanent English settlement in North America

17

Popular Sovereignty

A system in which the residents vote to decide an issue

18

Columbian Exchange

The transfer beginning with Columbus first voyage- of plants, animals, and diseases between the western hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere

19

Nomadic

Having no fixed home, moving from place to place according to seasons and availability of food and water

20

Great Awakening

A powerful religious revival known as the Great Awakening occurred in the British North American colonies from the 1720s to the 1740s. The revival was a movement among Protestant Christians who were reacting to a number of religious conditions in the colonies.

21

Two Party System

A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or governing party while the other is the minority or opposition party.