Key Terms Latin America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms Latin America Deck (45):
1

Slash and Burn Agriculture

Farming method in which trees and other plants on a plot of land are cut downed and burned and ash is used for fertilizer

2

Quetzal

Colorful Tropical Bird

3

Hieroglyphic

Symbol that stands for word, idea, or sound

4

Basin

Bowl Shaped area

5

Chinampa

Artificial Islands built by the Aztecs

6

Dike

A wall to hold back water

7

Aqueduct

a pipe or canal that carries fresh water

8

Conquistador

A spanish conqueror

9

Encomienda

Right granted from the Spanish government to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from American Indian

10

Peninsular

A Spanish colonial America, a person born in Spanish

11

Creole

In Spanish colonial America, an American born Descent of Spanish Settlers

12

Mestizo

In Spanish colonial America, a person of mixed Spanish and American Indian ancestry

13

Mulatto

A Spanish colonial America, a person of African or European descent

14

Columbian Exchange

exchange of people, plants, animals, and ideas between the Eastern hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere

15

Nationalize

Government taking ownership of a company or industry

16

Embargo

A complete ban of trade from a country

17

Diaspora

a movement of people from their homeland to other places

18

Cultural Diffusion

The spread of one culture to another culture

19

Ecotourism

tourism that focuses on the environment and seeks to minimize environmental impact

20

Specialization

act of concentrating on a limited number of goods or activities

21

Interdependence

the state of people or countries being dependent on one another

22

Infrastructure

body of public works, such as roads, bridges , and hospitals that a country needs to support a modern economy

23

Cartel

a group of businesses that control an industry

24

Digital Divide

A wide gap to access the internet

25

Domesticate

to change the growth of plants or behavior of animals in ways that are useful for humans

26

Nomad

person who moves from place to place without a permanent home

27

Andes

a mountain range that runs along the western edge of South America

28

Terrace

a strip level of land cut into a mountain slope that is planted with crops

29

Quipu

record- keeping device made of knotted strings, used by the Incas

30

Hierarchy

system for ranking members of a group according to their rankings

31

Ayllu

In Incan Society, a group of related families that pooled its resources to meet peoples needs

32

Mita System

Incan system of paying of taxes with labor

33

Line of Demarcation

Line set by the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the non-europeans world into 2 zones one controlled by Spain and the other by Portugal

34

Treaty of Tordisillas

Treaty signed by Spain and Portugal in 1494 that divided the non-european world between them

35

Mechanization

used machines to do work that had been done by animals and humans

36

Coup

Sudden violent overthrow of a government, often by force

37

Ethnic group

group of people who share a distinct culture, language, and identity

38

Telenova

A long serial drama made for television

39

Diversified

depending on a variety of of exports or products

40

Privatize

To sell government owned business to private industries and groups

41

Literacy Rate

A locations rate of people able to read or write

42

Corruption

use of power for personal gain

43

Deforestation

loss of forest that cannot be groomed back

44

Free Trade Zone

Area within which all countries can freely trade with one another

45

Non-governmental Organization

group, usually non-profit, that operate with private funding