Key Terms (Quiz 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms (Quiz 2) Deck (44):
1

Aerobic (Module B)

Requires oxygen to survive

2

Anaerobic (Module B)

Does not need oxygen to survive

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Airborne Precautions (Module B)

Transmission based precautions that prevents spread of harmful germs that travel in the air at a distance, using Standard Precautions, plus a respirator, depending on specific disease

4

Aseptic (Module B)

Clean

5

Bloodborne pathogens (Module B)

Harmful germs found in human blood and can cause infection and disease

6

Carriers (Module B)

People who carry germs in or on their body

7

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Module B)

Agency of the federal government that is in charge of the control and prevention of disease, in our country

8

Chain of Infection (Module B)

Way to explain how infection is passed around from one host to another

9

Contact Precautions (Module B)

Transmission based precautions that prevents spread of harmful germs by direct contact, using Standard Precautions, plus gown and gloves

10

Direct Contact (Module B)

Mutual touching of two things, people, or organisms which may cause the spread of harmful germs

11

Droplet Precautions (Module B)

Transmission based precaution that prevents spread of harmful germs that travel by droplets in the air, using Standard Precautions, plus masks and gloves

12

Droplets (Module B)

Particles of liquid that are sprayed from the nose or mouth when a person sneezes, coughs, sings, talks, or laughs

13

Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) (Module B)

Infection that a resident gets while staying or living in a healthcare setting

14

Hepatitis B (Module B)

Disease of the liver caused by a virus

15

Indirect Contact (Module B)

Harmful germs spread by an object that has touched body fluids from infected person

16

Infectious Agent (Module B)

Harmful germ that causes an infection

17

Localized infection (Module B)

Infection found in one part of the body with symptoms noted at that one part of the body

18

Medical Asepsis (Clean Technique) (Module B)

Practice used to remove or destroy germs and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place

19

Norovirus (Module B)

A contagious GI illness

20

Point of care (Module B)

Place where 3 elements occur together: the resident, the nurse aide, and the care or treatment involving resident contact

21

Reservoir (Module B)

Place where harmful germs live, grow, and increase in numbers

22

Sputum (Module B)

Mucous coughed up from the lungs

23

Standard Precautions (Module B)

The 1st of 2 levels to prevent/control infections

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Susceptible Host (Module B)

Person who does not have an infection now, but is at risk for becoming infected from harmful germs

25

Systemic Infection (Module B)

Infection that affects an entire body part or whole body system

26

Transmission Based Precautions (Module B)

2nd of 2 levels to prevent/control infections

27

World Health Organization (WHO) (Module B)

An organization within the United Nations whose purpose is to aid in the achievement of highest level of health for all of the world's people

28

Alignment (posture) (Module I)

How the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned within one another, when the back is straight

29

Body Mechanics (Module I)

Efficient and safe use of the body by the coordination of body alignment, balance, and movement

30

Fowler's Position (Module I)

Resident reclined in a sitting position, at 45 to 60 degrees

31

High Fowler's Position (Module I)

Resident sitting up almost straight, at 60 to 90 degrees

32

Lateral Position (Module I)

Positioned on right or left

33

Prone Position (Module I)

Positioned on abdomen

34

Sims Position (Module I)

Positioned in left side laying position

35

sUPine Position (Module I)

Positioned flat on back

36

Hazard (Module C)

Anything in the resident's environment that may cause illness or injury

37

Medical Emergency (Module C)

A dire situation when a person's health or life at risk

38

PASS (Module C)

Acronym to remember during the use of a fire extinguisher - Pull the pin, Aim at the base of the fire when spraying, Squeeze the handle, and Sweep back and forth at the base of the fire

39

RACE (Module C)

Acronym to remember in case of fire - Remove residents from danger, Activate alarm, Contain the fire by closing all doors and windows, and if possible, Extinguish the fire

40

Resident's Environment (Module C)

The area of a long-term care center that a resident calls home, designed to provide comfort, safety, and privacy for the resident

41

Resident Unit (Module C)

Personal space, furniture, and equipment provided for the resident by the long-term care center

42

Chemical Restraint (Module K)

Any drug used to control actions of a resident

43

Pelvic Support (Module K)

Physical restraint used between the thighs to keep a resident's hips from slipping forward

44

Physical Restraint (Module K)

Any physical or mechanical device, material or equipment which restraints freedom of movement or normal access to one's body