Key Terms (Quiz 4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms (Quiz 4) Deck (49):
1

Advancing a Diet (Mod. J)

Food is gradually reintroduced to the resident due to surgery

2

Aspiration (Mod. J)

Accidental breathing in of food, fluid, vomit, or other object into lungs

3

Calcium (Mod. J)

A mineral that keeps bones and teeth strong

4

Calorie (Mod. J)

Energy value of a food or a beverage

5

Carbohydrates (Mod. J)

Nutrient that supplies energy and helps use body fats

6

Dysphagia (Mod. J)

Difficulty swallowing

7

Fats (Mod. J)

Nutrient that is a good source of energy and gives flavor to food

8

Force fluids (Mod. J)

Medical order for person to drink more fluids

9

Graduate (Mod. J)

Measuring device for fluids

10

Iron (Mod. J)

Mineral that helps blood carry oxygen to all parts of the body

11

Minerals (Mod. J)

Nutrient that helps the body function normally

12

Nutrients (Mod. J)

Substance found in food and fluids that are used by body for growth and maintenance of health

13

Nutrition (Mod. J)

When the body takes in and uses foods and fluids to maintain health

14

Nutrition facts label (Mod. J)

Simple tool from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found on all packaged foods and beverages and serves as a guide for making choices that can affect health

15

Proteins (Mod. J)

Nutrient that is needed by every cell to help grow new tissue and help with tissue repair

16

Restrict Fluids (Mod. J)

Medical order for person to limit fluid intake

17

Serving Amount (Mod. J)

Shows the amount that is equal to one serving of a food or beverage

18

Serving Size (Mod. J)

Shows the number of servings in a package or container of food or beverage

19

Vitamins (Mod. J)

Nutrient that helps the body function normally; body gets majority of vitamins from certain foods; ex. A & C

20

Pain (Mod. V,R,&S)

Anything the patient says it is

21

Pacing(Mod. V,R,&S)

The awareness and adjustment of nursing care based on how slow or how fast a person is functioning

22

Basic Human Needs (Mod. V,R,&S)

Elements necessary for survival and physical and mental well-being

23

Defense Mechanisms (Mod. V,R,&S)

Unconscious behaviors that residents may display when stressed

24

Activity-Based Care (Mod. T)

Care focused on assisting resident to find meaning in his/her day, rather than doing activities just to keep the person busy

25

Catastrophic Reactions (Mod. T)

Out-of-proportion, extreme responses to activities or situations

26

Delusion (Mod. T)

False belief

27

Irreversible (Mod. T)

Disease or condition that cannot be cured

28

Meaningful Activities (Mod. T)

Have value to the resident with dementia

29

Onset (Mod. T)

The time when signs and symptoms of a disease begins

30

Paranoia (Mod. T)

Extreme or unusual fear

31

Progressive (Mod. T)

The way a disease advances

32

Sun-downing (Mod. T)

Increased agitation, confusion, and hyperactivity that begins in the late afternoon and builds throughout the evening

33

Adaptive Devices (assistive devices) (Mod. G)

Special equipment that helps a disabled or ill resident performing ADL's

34

Basic Restorative Care (Mod. G)

Care provided after resident's highest possible functioning is restored following injury or illness

35

Bladder/Bowel Training (Mod. G)

Measures taken to restore function of voiding and defecating by resident, with ultimate goal of continence

36

Defecation (Mod. G)

Process of emptying the rectum of feces

37

Enema (Mod. G)

Intro of fluid into the colon to eliminate stool or feces or stimulate bowel activity

38

Functional Loss (Mod. G)

Partial or complete loss of the function of body parts

39

Orthotic Device (Mod. G)

Artificial device that replaces a body part and helps with function and/or appearance

40

Supportive Device (Mod. G)

Special equipment that helps a disabled or ill resident with movement

41

Denial (Mod. W)

The first stage of grief, when a person is told of impending death; person may refuse to accept or discuss situation

42

Anger (Mod. W)

The second stage of grief, when a person expresses rage and resentment; often upset by small things

43

Bargaining (Mod. W)

The third stage of grief, when a person tries to arrange for more time to live to take care of unfinished business

44

Depression (Mod. W)

The fourth stage of grief, when person begins the process of mourning

45

Acceptance (Mod. W)

The final stage of grief, when a person has worked through feelings and understands that death is imminent

46

Apnea (Mod. W)

Respiration stops

47

Advance Directive (Mod. W)

A living will

48

Mottling (Mod. W)

Changes in the color of skin when death is near

49

Cheyne-Stokes Breathing (Mod. W)

Resident takes several shallow breaths followed by periods of no breathing