Key Terms (Quiz 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms (Quiz 3) Deck (42):
1

Cell Theory

Basic unit of all living tissues or organisms

2

Organ

Made of tissue

3

Organism

Made of systems functioning together to perform activities ex. humans, trees, and cats

4

Organelle

Carry on work of cell

5

Bony prominences

Area of body where bone is close to skin

6

Pressure points

Points where the body bears much of the weight

7

Pressure Ulcers

A serious wound caused by poor circulation

8

Abduction

Moving a body part AWAY from the midline

9

Adduction

Moving a body part TOWARD the midline

10

Contracture

Permanent shortening of muscle resulting in immovable joints

11

Flexion

Bending a body part

12

Opposition

Touching the thumb to a finger of the same hand

13

Osteoporosis

Spongy type of bone that breaks easily

14

Plantar Flexion

Bending the foot downward at the ankle

15

Pronation

Turning downward

16

Skeletal Muscle

Voluntary muscle that powers movement of the skeleton

17

Smooth Muscle

Involuntary muscle of the inner linings of organs

18

Supination

Turning upward

19

Cataract

When lens of eye becomes cloudy

20

Cerebellum

Part of the brain located below the cerebrum that controls balance and regulates movement

21

Cerebrum

Center of the brain where thought and intelligence occur

22

Otitis Media

Infection of the middle ear

23

Sensory Organs

Receive impulses from environment and relay impulses to brain including skin, tongue, nose, eyes, and ears

24

Anemia

Low red blood cell count

25

Varicose veins

Enlarged, twisted veins usually in the legs

26

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

27

Emphysema

Irreversible damage to the lungs causing permanent holes in the lung tissue

28

Lobes

Segments or areas of the lung

29

Pneumonia

Acute (sudden onset) inflammation of the lungs

30

Calculi

Kidney or bladder stones

31

Cystitis

Inflammation of bladder due to infection

32

Dysuria

Painful urination

33

Hematuria

Blood in the urine

34

Nephritis

Inflammation of kidney due to infection

35

Retention

Inability to completely empty the bladder

36

Ureters

Narrow tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder

37

Urethra

A tube located between the bladder to the outside of the body

38

Cystocele

Weakening of wall between urethra and vagina, which leads to urinary incontinence

39

Prostatic Hypertrophy

Enlargement of prostate gland, a donut-shaped structure around the male urethra, leading to urinary dysfunction

40

Diabetes Mellitus

Disorder of carbohydrate metabolism with decreased insulin production from the pancreas

41

Graves Disease

Immune system attacks thyroid gland

42

Lupus

Immune system attacks tissue