Key Vocab Flashcards Preview

GCSE Music > Key Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Vocab Deck (78):
0

Oratorio

A religious piece of music that is sung

1

Plagal cadence

Chord 4-1

2

Perfect cadence

Chord 5-1

3

Imperfect cadence

Interrupted cadence

4

Basso continuo

Cello or organ baseline throughout the piece

5

Hemiola

3 beats that sound like 2

6

Sequence

A pattern of notes that has been moved up or down

7

Ostinato

A constantly repeated pattern

8

Symphony

An orchestral piece in 4 movements

9

Rubato

Changing the speed of the piece

10

Cantable

Melody sings out on piano, smooth sound

11

Sostenuto

Slow and sustained

12

Enharmonic change

The same note called something different: Ab--->G#

13

Smorzando

Dying away

14

Peddle note

Repeated note

15

Klangfarbenmelodie

Melody passed around the orchestra- to hear the different timbre's

16

Hexachord

A 6 note chord

17

Atonal

Has no key

18

Fragmented

Broken up

19

Haupstisme

The principal melody

20

Metamorphosis

A slight/gradual change

21

Resultant melody

A melody made up from notes from different instruments

22

Tritone

Interval of a sharpened 4th, the devils chord, creates suspense

23

Tremolo

Shaky effect created by quick notes

24

Pizzicato

Plucked strings

25

Frontline

The melody instruments

26

Rhythmic section

The background instruments. Base+beats

27

Head

The melody, played by the frontline

28

Riff

A repeating pattern

29

Sub-bass

A very low base
Under 60Hz
Vibrates

30

Breakdown

A bar of silence

31

Panning

Music shifting from from one speaker to another

32

Echo

Sound repeated immediately after being heard

33

E.Q

Change in frequency of sound, highest and lowest frequencies remooved

34

Reverb

Amplifying the sound, sounds echoey

35

Cross rhythms

Different rhythms played at the same time

36

Distortion

A rougher sound

37

Word painting

Words that mirror the musical effect

38

Falsetto

Notes that are above the normal vocal range (man singing like a girl)

39

Tal

A rhythmic pattern

40

Raga

The scale used in a rag (CD,FG,B-C-Bb,A,G,F,E,D,C)

41

Alap

Intro of the raga, improvised and doesn't have a fixed beat

42

Drone

Repeated note(1 or 2) on tambura or shruti box

43

Rasa

The old of the piece
Desh- monsoon, night

44

Meend

Note sliding
mainly voice and sarod

45

Gat

A pre composed instrumental section

46

Tan

Fast scalic patterns/flourishes

47

Polyphonic

Two melodies playing at the same time

48

Heterophonic

Complicated part on top of a simpler one

49

Homophonic

Alike sounds. Melody+accompaniment

50

Monophonic

One sound

51

Unison

Together

52

Call and response

Leader then group

53

Vocables

Nonsense syllables

54

Strophic

2 verses, 2 inserts

55

Diatonic

Notes in the key

56

Aria

Solo song

57

Syllabic

A note per syllable

58

Multi tracking

Different layers on top of each other

59

Acciacaturas

Tiny notes squeezed in

60

Rubato

Robbing time then giving it back

61

Sostenuto

Sustained

62

Sotto voce

'Under the voice' whisper

63

Smorzando

Dying away

64

Acciacatura

Trill, tiny notes squeezed in

65

Melisma

Lots of notes to one syllable

66

Raga

Piece of North Indian music based on improvisations of the rag

67

Rag

Scale used in North Indian music

68

Rasa

Type of mood that the rag represents

69

Jhaptal

10- 2+3+2+3

70

Teental

16- 4+4+4+4

71

Kherwa Tal

8- 2+2+2+2

72

Rupak Tal

7- 3+2+2

73

Ektal Tal

12-2+2+2+2+2+2

74

Hindustani

Music from northern India

75

Gharana

Teacher pupil tradition, how their music is passed on orally

76

Chand

Improvised triplet patterns

77

Tihai

A certain rhythm that indicates the beginning of a new section