Schoenberg- 'Peripetie' (4th of 5 Orchestral Pieces) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Schoenberg- 'Peripetie' (4th of 5 Orchestral Pieces) Deck (19):
0

Date of composition

1909

2

Genre

Expressionist

3

Genre stylistics

Atonal
One intense emotion
Full range of instruments
Timbre is important
Extreme dynamics

4

Structure

Loosely in rondo form (ABACA)

5

Section A (tempo and rhythm)

'Sehr rasch'- very quick
Lots of very fast movements
Feels faster than it is

Piece starts with a forte 'hexagonic fanfare'
Dynamic extremes

6

Section B (texture)

Counterpoint texture (type of polyphonic)
Two melodies playing at the same time

7

Section A2 (tempo and rhythm)

Horns play a sustained hexachord
Calmer section
Develops many motifs from the first section in reverse order

8

Section C (tempo and rhythm)

Tempo alternates between:
'Ruhiger'- calmer
'Heftig'- passionate
A calmer section that develops many of the motifs from the first section in revers order.

9

Section A3 (tempo and rhythm)

Some of the original rhythms
Motifs are combined in counterpoint

10

Harmony/ Tonality

Hexachord(6 notes played together) played by horns
Six remaining notes are called the compliment
Lots of dissonance

11

Melody

Klangfarbenmelodie (tone colour melody)
The melody is constantly switched between the instruments
All the timbre's explored in the melody

Haupstimme- principal voice, main melody line
Nebenstimme- secondary voice, next most important melody line

12

Texture

Regularly changing, very fragmented

13

Section A (texture)

Different combinations of instruments come in for short bursts
Busy texture
Homophonic, hexachord played by the horns
Monophonic, clarinet line

14

Section B (texture)

Short bursts (mainly woodwind and bass)
Loud and strong
Violins and cellos play soft and gentle melodic phrases

15

Section A2 (texture)

Sparse texture
Strings and horn flourishes
Strong homophonic horn hexachord

16

Section C (texture)

Sparse texture
A few instruments overlap
Quiet dynamics
'Rhutiger' calmer

17

Section A3 (texture)

More and more instruments layered
More motifs explored
Crescendos to a huge climax
One fff chord before a sparse quite tremolo ending

18

Instrumentation

Enormous orchestra
Strings play tremolo in the last two bars of the piece
Explored instruments: horn players were told to put their hand further up the bell than usual- produces a thin nasal sound
Mutes used when playing fff to create a different sound

19

Dynamics

Extremes- incredibly loud the almost silent