'Rag desh' North Indian Classical Music Flashcards Preview

GCSE Music > 'Rag desh' North Indian Classical Music > Flashcards

Flashcards in 'Rag desh' North Indian Classical Music Deck (29):
0

Genre

North Indian classical music- Raga
Passed on through oral tradition

1

What three pieces are we studying

Instrumental raga by authentic Indian performers
Instrumental raga by Americans
A vocal raga

2

Meaning of rag Desh

Played in the evening
Mood is monsoon season

3

Rhythm

Tala- a rhythmic cycle
Sam- first beat of each cycle
Bol- rhythms played around the main beat of the Tal

4

Structure

Alap
Jhor
Jhalla
Gat (vocal- Bandish)

5

Alap- Tempo

Slow and thoughtful

6

Alap- Metre/Rhythm

No sense of beat
Free time

7

Alap- Features

Improvised
Soloist explores the notes of the rag
Drone throughout (tambura)

8

Jhor- Tempo

Steady/ medium

9

Jhor- Metre/Rhythm

A clear, regular sense of pulse

10

Jhor- Features

More rhythmic
More elaborate
Tempo is increased

11

Jhalla- Tempo

Fast/ lively

12

Jhalla- Metre/ Rhythm

Fast pulse
Exciting and complex rhythms

13

Jhalla- Features

High point in piece
Virtuoso playing
Climax of the whole piece

14

Gat or Bandish- Tempo

Moderate or fast

15

Gat or Bandish- Metre/ Rhythm

Tabla introduces tala

16

Gat or Bandish- Features

Fixed composition introduced (song or prepared solo)
Conversation between drummer and soloist
Prepared melodic line has improvised flourishes

17

Harmony/ Tonality

No sense of harmony
Melody is the most important thing
Harmony is linear- melody+ drone

18

Melody

Improvised using the notes of the chosen rag
Each rag represents a different mood (rasa)
Sung/Sitar/Sarod

19

Texture

Melody
Drone- (1-2 notes, tambura)
Rhythm- (Tala, tabla)

20

Instrumentation

Tambura
Tabla
Sitar
Sarangi
Sarod
Bansuri
Shenhai

21

Most important instrument

Voice
Instruments ranked in order to how close they sound to the voice

22

Tambura

4 strings, playes the drone, helps sitar stay in tune, adds to the texture

23

Tabla

Two small drums: Byan (big, ceramic and copper) Dyan (small, wood and tuning pegs)

24

Sitar

Sitar- plucked strings, hollowed out gourd (resonator) moveable frets, 7 metal strings, 2-3 are drones, 12 sympathetic strings vibrate

25

Sarangi

like a violin, fretless, accompanies the singers

26

Sarod

plucked strings, fretless, use of meen

27

Bansuri

Flute without keys

28

Shenhai

Oboe- double reed