Kin 15 Neck and trunk Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Kin 15 Neck and trunk Deck (17):
1

facet

a small smooth flat surface on a bone

2

Atlanto- occiptal joint

the articulation between the head and c1 atlas flexion and extension

3

occipital

posterior inferior

 

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4

occipital protuberance

center of occipital bone

 

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5

nuchal line

ridge running horizontally along the back of head, from occipital protuberance to the mastoid processes

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6

axial extension

cervical retraction

tuckin chin in involves head flexing on c1, with neck c2-c7 extending

7

cervical protraction

extending the head on c1 and flexing the neck c2-c7

8

the number of atlantoaxial joints

9

 

sternocleidomastoid

 

bilaterally flexes neck hyperextends head unilaterally laterally bends the neck rotates face to the opposite side

N - accessory nerve, Cranial nerve XI; second and third cervical nerves

10

scalene muscles

O-Transverse Processes of cervical vertebrae

I-First and Second Ribs

A-Bilaterally assists in neck flexion

Unilaterally neck lateral bending

N-Lower cervical nerves 

11

Prevertebral muscles 

O-bodies and transverse processes of c3-c6, atlas and transverse process of atlas

I-from transverse processes and bodies of c1-c6 and occipital bone

A-flex neck, and laterally nend head

(longus colli, longus capitits, rectus capitis anterior, rectus capitis lateralis) 

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12

Subocciptal muscles

posteriorly located

A-extension, lateral bending, and rotation to the same side

(obliquus capitits superior, obliquus capitits inferior, rectus captits posterior major/minor) 

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13

splenius capitis muscles

O-lower half of nuchal ligament, spinous processes of c7-t3

I-lateral occipital bone; mastoid process

A-bilaterally EXTEND HEAD/NECK

unilaterally ROTATE and LATERALLY BEND THE FACE TO SAME SIDE

N-middle and lower cervical nerves

 

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14

splenius cervicis muscles

O-spinous processes of t3 to t6

I-T proc. of c1 through c3

A-Bilat. EXTEND neck

Unilat. ROTATE and LAT BEND neck to same side

N-middle/lower cerv nerves

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15

Rectus abdominis muscles

O-pubis

I-xiphoid process and costal cart of 5, 6, 7 ribs

A-trunk flexion, compression of abs

N-7th -12th intercostal nerves

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16

EX Oblique muscle

O-lower 8 ribs laterally

I-iliac crest; linea alba

A-Bilateral trunk flexion;compression of ab

unilateral lateral bending, rotation to opp side

N-8-12 intercos, iliohypogastric, and ilioinguinal nerves

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17

IN oblique muscles

O-inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fascia

I-10, 11, 12 ribs, abdominal aponeurosis

A-Bilat trunk flexion, compression of ab

unilat lateral bending;rotation to same side

N-8-12 inercostals, iliohypogastric, and ilioinguinal nerves

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